When it comes to probation and parole is a way monitor inmates outside of jail or prison.
This is very important to help reducing recidivism. Probation and parole release inmates from prison or jail with supervision. The community corrections play a big role in this part.
The community corrections are any sanctions in which offenders serve a portion of or their entire sentence in the community. This type of community-based correction is to repair the harm the offender caused the victim or the community and to reduce the risk of re-offending in the future. Some of the services offered by community-based corrections are pretrial release supervision, probation, detention centers, work outside the system, as well as day reporting, and community service. One positive thing about the community correction is it helps keep offenders from repeating their crimes. A way to do that is by placing them in a halfway houses, pre-release centers, as well as mental health and substance abuse services. A downside to the program is that this may cause there to be more cases opened and not enough probation officers. This makes it difficult to keep up and really help those that are in the programs.
The idea of probation is that it is used the most to utilized correctional option. This will allow more individuals on probation in the community than in prison, in jail, and on parole, combined. The positive outcome of this would make the jail less crowded.
To measure the effectiveness of probation as a means of crime control, one can track recidivism rates and crime rates. One negative outcome would be that the offender doesn’t learn from their mistakes and continue to break the law. When it comes to using the Community corrections for prison claim to be more effective in reducing recidivism. This program helps reduce overcrowding in prisons and jails. In the Midwest United States, a case study was done to show that the recidivism rates of community corrections are lower than those of the prison inmates (Barajas, E., Jr.
1993). If the parole was to be eliminated this could cause a huge increase in inmates and could possibly crowd prisons so much that the states were forced to release many of them early. This would have a negative impact serious crimes because this would make the inmate do less time.