What strategies do Interest groups use to gain influence? (list them)Direct lobbying, Lobbying Congress, Using The Courts, Mobilizing Public Opinion Using Electoral Politics. These are some of the ways interest groups use to gain influence.What is quid pro quo corruption?Quid pro quo corruption is that both parties mutually benefit I give you this money for your election, and you create this law for me if you win. Sort of how Abramoff gave congressman expensive gifts dinners, in exchange for certain things.What is the free-rider problem?A market failure that can happen if people take advantage of the common resource or collective good without paying, their share fair in taxes. it occurs within publicWhat is soft money?Is money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for building their campaign even further, this is largely illegal now but it’s only limited now by the contributions you to state or local parties for voter registration and get out the efforts give.What are independent expenditures?Independent expenditure uses political communication, such as television or radio advertisements for advocating the election or defeat of a candidate. The courts cannot limit the amount of contributions to candidates, because the courts feel it does not pose a corruptive threat. So, a surge of independent spending has occurred in recent years.What is the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act?The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 regulates the finance granted for political campaignsWhat are PACS and SUPER PACs?PACs are private groups that can campaign for money and give it to the political party they are working with. However, they have a cap on how much they spend and super PACs are private groups that can contribute unlimited amount of money to attack or promote a candidate, but they cannot directly coordinate or donate to their preferred candidate. Unlike regular PACS, they can accept money from individuals, unions, and corporations without limitation.What did Buckley v. Valeo 1976 establish in terms of money?upheld federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech.Why are Citizens United v. FEC (20110) and McCutcheon v. FEC(2014) controversial decisions? (use the internet)Watch the following video on Jack Abramoff:Jack Abramoff: The lobbyist’s playbook (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Jack Abramoff: The lobbyist’s playbook (note: if you cannot access the link, go to youtube and search “60 minutes and Jack Abramoff”)Answer the following questions:Why does Jack Abramoff think that congressmen are not being bought?They congressmen honestly thought they were doing the right thing. They try to justify what they are doing for something right.What type of gifts did Jack Abramoff provide to various Congressmen?Sky box tickets to Kansas City Redskins, private golf course trips, private jet accessWhat is the best way to get a congressional office to do Jack Abramoff’s bidding?To offer a staffer a job that would triple his salary. He would tell them “When your done working on the “Hill” come work for Jack Abramoff”.How many congressional offices did Jack Abramoff have influence in?Around, 100 offices.Why did Jack Abramoff manipulate language for congressional bills?Because, the members do not read the bills and it made it easier for the bill to be pasted.Why does Jack Abramoff refer to Washington D.C. as a dangerous place?There is an arrogance on the part of lobbyist, the most important thing that needs to be done is prohibit members of Congress and their staff to become lobbyistWatch:What Is Dark Money And How Does It Influence Elections? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. What Is Dark Money And How Does It Influence Elections?What is dark money?Any election funding that a political elect receives they do not need to claim where their money is coming from is considered “dark money”. Shady donor groups like Super PACs.How does dark money influence elections?Because it has a tax exemption to “organizations the further the common good and general welfare of the community”What type of shady groups use dark money?501c’s and LLC’s are a major source of dark money donations.What did Citizens United do for dark money?After the Citizens United act the Supreme Court’s decision removed a cap on political donations and it allowed corporations and non-profit to funnel money into political advertising such as TV, Radio and Cable.