After the devastations of the Second World War, and the devastations of the
Holocaust, we realized our lack of action.The United States, Great Britain, the Soviet
Union, and France came to a conclusion that a world peace organization needed to be
established.However, there was an existing peace establishment before World War II:
the League of Nations.This was set up due to World War I, under President Wilson.His
proposal and creation of the League of Nations was not strong enough to prevent World
War II.Therefore, something larger, something more collective, was now necessary in
After World War II and as a result of the meeting of fifty nations in San
Francisco, a charter for the United Nations was produced.Even though the purposes
were vaguely proposed initially, they became clearly stated in four points:(1) to
maintain world peace, (2) to promote justice, (3) to increase the world's general welfare,
and (4) to establish human rights.Along with these purposes, the United Nations also
established six major organizations to carry out its responsibilities.
Each organization carried out different tasks, yet they worked collectively
together under the United Nations organization.First of all, something was needed to
simply prevent war.This was mainly the job of the Security Council, made up of the
Big Five countries with permanent Security Council membership, and six other countries
elected for two-year terms.These countries formed an international military force, in
order to check any aggression around the world.All member nations are represented in
the General Assembly, which recommends peaceful settlements in potentially violent
disputes.The Economic and Social Council studies economic, social, cultural and
health problems in the world and makes recommendations to specific countries or to the