To understand why the Athenians executed Socrates in 399, one mustfirst take a deeper look into his life.Socrates was born in 469 in Athens, son of the sculptor Sophroniscus and the midwife Phainarete.He belonged to the small Athenian bourgeoisie.He began to work in his father's workshop.After 421, he married Xanthippe and had three sons.
Socrates lived in the period of the war of Peloponnese.He was a brave fighter at Poleidaia, Delion, and at Amphipolis in 422.He showed force, courage and generosity.
Throughout his political life, Socrates did not have governmental charges and he never tried to have any.In 405-406, he was a member of the Council of the Five hundred.At the time, Athens was under a democratic government.Socrates was chosen a judge. He was the only one to side against the democratic government that wanted to make summary justice accusing the admirals collectively, like it was established on the contrary by the law.In 408 Athens was under the oligarchical government of the Thirty.Socrates was charged, with four other citizens, to arrest the democratic Lion of Salamis.He thought this was not just and refused to execute it.
In Socrates philosophical activity, Cicero asserts that "Socrates for thefirst time made the philosophy come down from the sky and transported it in the cities introducing it also in the houses and forcing it to take care of issues relating life, customs, good and evil."
There was a time in Greece when the scholars enjoyed great esteem and encouraged prejudice and obsolete superstitions.These people gave themselves the noble name of Sophists, which due to their name became a repulsive name.They took care of the education of the youth, taught the sciences, arts, moral philosophy, and religion.Difficulties and obstacles stood in Socrates way as he made the great decision, to spread virtue and wisdom among his fellow men.The troubles that Soc…