While trying to improve our nation's economy, businesses have not ameliorated
because of one important backbone of our country, the farmers.Farmers face problems
with farming due to droughts, prairie fires, high temperatures, grasshoppers, and locust
storms.At this time, the value of the crops decreased due to an overproduction of goods.
The farmers have tried to max production rates, but there were too many amounts of the
same crop causing the value of the crop to go down.Since the value of the crop
decreased, the demand for the crops will go down. For example, the cost of the wheat
fell from $0.91 (1883) to $0.69 (1886).
Farmers became poor because it is harder for the farmers to sell their crops (lower
demand on crops) Also, transporting their crops to the market also costs money. The
farmers tried to transport their crops by railroads, but the railroad owners tried pooling,
which they charge more for short hauls than long hauls. A group of railroad companies
would get together, increase the freight rates, and make railroad transportation more
From the result of farmer complaints about railroad fees, congress passes a new law
to regulate interstate commerce.It limited the railroad regulations within the state
borders.The Interstate Commerce states that, "all railroad charges must be reasonable
and justified without pooling, rebates, and higher rates for short hauls than long hauls.
Railroad companies were required to publish their railroad rates and their annual financial
reports to the federal government.The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) enforced
the railroad laws.The ICC is made of five members appointed by the president to do the
job.However, the ICC could not stop the unfair railroad rates