The 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt, the New Kingdom period (BC 1870~1100), is known as the age of conquest where Egypt was at it's finest state with peace and prosperity.

The 11th pharaoh of this time period is called Tutankhamun, a young boy who established on the throne at the age of 9. Tutankhamun's own life brought little achievements, as he reigned only for 9 years. During this period, senior officials mainly governed Egypt. But the excavation of his tomb by Howard Carter in 1922 made him the most famous symbol of the mysterious rites, practices and lifestyle of the ancient Egyptians. The young pharaoh's mummy was the only New Kingdom royal mummy that had lain undisturbed in its tomb and had not been robbed. The vast amount of pristine treasures found in his tomb also helped bring the dead world of ancient Egypt back to life by providing sufficient evidences for historians and archaeologists with an insight of what the New Kingdom's pharaohs were like. These sources suggested the roles of the pharaohs, which were to conquer, to be seen as a hunter and a living god. The various sources that provide evidence, such as furniture, boxes, the basic funeral equipment, jewelry, statues and sculptures, which were found in Tutankhamun's tomb, deduced about the role of the New Kingdom's pharaohs.

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The New Kingdom is often called the'empire' of Egyptian history. The Egyptian ruler undertook the vast military expansions both in Asia and Sudan. The pharaoh was to be seen as a great ambitious conqueror, who fought courageously against other countries. Evidences to support this are the artifacts such as the wooden chest found in the antechamber (appendix 1.

1), which showed drawings of Tutankhamun crushing black and Asiatic enemies of Egypt on sides. The chest also showed Tutankhamun as a lion treading on enemies, portrayed as an invincible warrior. Various jewelries such as the golden buckle (appendix 1.2..