The most famous Egyptian pharaoh to date would have to be Tutankhamun. The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922 by Howard Carter added significantly to the understanding of Egyptian burial practices and beliefs. Evidence from the tomb and Howard Carter help usto discern and appreciate their way of life and after life.
If all goes well according to the Egyptians, one lives forever; that death is simply a transition, a passage from one phase of life to another. Therefore during thefirst stage of a Kings existence, preparations were made, preparing and building a tomb and shrines to ensure that the Kings spirits would have the best chance to make it to the second stage of existence. Tutanhkamun;s tomb was hidden and untouched since the 20th Dynasty, 3 625 years before Howard Carter made the remarkable discovery.
The exploration of Tutanhkamun;s tomb, which was thefirst and only royal tomb that had been found fully intact in the Valley of the Kings, reveals significant evidence and information about the Egyptian burial practices and beliefs.
There are many pieces of evidence to help us to understand the Egyptians life and afterlife, such as: the Shabtis, the Canopic shrine, protection of the mummy including the Gold funerary mask, and funerary models, and the guardian statues that protected the burial chamber.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the afterlife was not a place totally without hardship. Just as in life, many would be required to provide agricultural labour in the afterlife. From the late Middle Kingdom until the Graeco-Roman period, those who could afford it would take to the grave one or more funerary statuettes to carry out the farming duties for them. The names for these include: Shabti, shawabi, and ushabti.
Tutanhkamun had 413 shabtis accommpaning him in his tomb. Of those; 365 were work men (one for everyday of the year); 36 overseers; and 12 monthly overseers. The appearance of the sh…