Tristan Jackman 77712

Health, Fitness
and Nutrition SPST3005

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Assignment#1-
Infectious Communicable Diseases.

 

Communicable Diseases

Communicable
diseases are infectious diseases that are caused by bacteria, viruses,
parasites or fungi, pathogenic microorganisms, that can spread, directly or
indirectly, from person to person. Infectious diseases are classified by the
characteristics of the microorganisms whether it is a viral or bacterial
infection. The pathogen is transmitted directly from person to person, also through
in animate transport vessels like water and soil and by a vector organism like
a mosquito.

 

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Ø  How Is the Disease
Spread?

HIV is a sexually
transmitted disease, so, it is found in many of the body’s fluids such as blood,
semen, vaginal and anal fluids, and breast milk, therefore if the fluids of a
victim were to enter the body of a healthy person they would contract the
disease.

Ø  Symptoms of The
Disease

Symptoms
include: body rash, fever, sore throat, severe headaches,
fatigue,
swollen lymph nodes, ulcers in the mouth or on the genital, muscle aches, joint
pain, nausea and vomiting, night sweats

Ø  Treatment of The
Disease.

The most common treatment
for HIV is the Antiretroviral therapy or ART, it is a combination of HIV
medications known as the HIV regimen and is to be taken every day. The ART,
however, doesn’t cure HIV, it merely treats it, meaning it allows and aids people to live a longer healthier life while having
contracted the disease.

 

Herpes

Ø  How Is the Disease
Spread?

You can contract herpes by engaging in vaginal, anal or
oral sex with someone who has the disease, and also if you come into contact
with a herpes sore, or the saliva of someone with the disease.

Ø  Symptoms of The
Disease

Symptoms include:
Fever and flu-like symptoms, nausea or
feeling sick, muscle aches, painful urination. Sores also appear on the penis, scrotum, groin and thighs, buttocks and
around the anus for men and on the labia, inside the vagina, groin and thighs,
on the buttocks and around the anus for women.

Ø  Treatment of The
Disease.

Like
HIV there is no known cure for Herpes, therefore drugs are usually prescribed
to victims for treatment and to reduce the severity and duration of symptoms to
make living with the condition easier. The three most common drugs called upon
are; acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir ), and valacyclovir (Valtrex).

 

Syphilis

Ø  How Is the Disease
Spread?

You
can contract Syphilis by engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who
has the disease, and also if you come into contact with a Syphilis sore, which
can be located at or around the vagina, penis, anus or on the mouth. Note that
Syphilis
can also be passed on from an infected mother to her unborn child

Ø  Symptoms of The
Disease

Symptoms
include: Chancres, rashes on the
palms of your hands/soles of your feet, slight fever, feeling tired, sore
throat, swollen glands, headache, and muscle aches. Late stages of Syphilis may
result in tumours, blindness, and paralysis.

Ø  Treatment of The
Disease.

Syphilis
is easily cured especially in the early stage, antibiotics
are usually suggested along with penicillin. It is to be noted that if treated
in the late stage, previous damage would not be changed, however, the infection
would be cured.

 

Genital warts

Ø  How Is the Disease
Spread?

You
can contract Genital warts by engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with
someone who has it. Note that Genital warts can also spread from an infected
mother to her unborn child.

Ø  Symptoms of The
Disease

Symptoms
include: Small grey swellings in your genital area, several
warts close together that take on a cauliflower-like shape, itching or
discomfort in your genital area and bleeding with intercourse.

Ø  Treatment of The
Disease.

There
is no known treatment for genital warts, however there are medications that can
be applied to the skin that would clear the outbreak and also surgery.
Medications include; Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara), Podophyllin and podofilox
(Condylox), Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) & Sinecatechins (Veregen)

 

Hepatitis B

Ø  How Is the Disease
Spread?

Hepatitis
B can spread upon contact with many of the body’s fluids such as blood, semen,
saliva, vaginal and anal fluids, therefore you can contract Hepatitis B by
engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has it. Another way of
contracting the disease is through the sharing of  needles and from an infected mother to her
unborn child.

Ø  Symptoms of The
Disease

Symptoms include: Abdominal
pain, dark urine, fever, joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, weakness
and fatigue, yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes.

Ø  Treatment of The
Disease.

Acute Hepatitis B
does not need treatment, rest, frequent fluid intake and sufficient nutrition
should be enough. However, chronic Hepatitis B is incurable but treatable,
medications are usually given to victims to enable them to live a longer,
healthier life while having contracted the disease. Some of these medications
are; Baraclude, Epivir-HBV, Intron A, Hepsera

 

Gonorrhoea

Ø  How Is the Disease
Spread?

You
can contract Gonorrhoea by engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone
who has the disease. Note that
Gonorrhoea can also spread from an infected mother to her unborn child.

Ø  Symptoms of The
Disease

Symptoms include:
(Women); thin or watery, yellow or
green vaginal discharge, pain when urinating, lower abdominal pain or
tenderness. (Men); white, yellow or green discharge
from the tip of the penis, pain when
urinating, pain or tenderness in the
testicles

Ø  Treatment of The
Disease.

Gonorrhoea
is easily treated with two types of antibiotics
usually given as a tablet and an injection. Note that these treatments do not
cure the infection it merely treats it. The antibiotics are; ceftriaxone and azithromycin