Tristan Jackman 77712Health, Fitnessand Nutrition SPST3005Assignment#1-Infectious Communicable Diseases. Communicable Diseases Communicablediseases are infectious diseases that are caused by bacteria, viruses,parasites or fungi, pathogenic microorganisms, that can spread, directly orindirectly, from person to person.

Infectious diseases are classified by thecharacteristics of the microorganisms whether it is a viral or bacterialinfection. The pathogen is transmitted directly from person to person, also throughin animate transport vessels like water and soil and by a vector organism likea mosquito. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)Ø  How Is the DiseaseSpread?HIV is a sexuallytransmitted disease, so, it is found in many of the body’s fluids such as blood,semen, vaginal and anal fluids, and breast milk, therefore if the fluids of avictim were to enter the body of a healthy person they would contract thedisease.Ø  Symptoms of TheDiseaseSymptomsinclude: body rash, fever, sore throat, severe headaches,fatigue,swollen lymph nodes, ulcers in the mouth or on the genital, muscle aches, jointpain, nausea and vomiting, night sweatsØ  Treatment of TheDisease.The most common treatmentfor HIV is the Antiretroviral therapy or ART, it is a combination of HIVmedications known as the HIV regimen and is to be taken every day.

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The ART,however, doesn’t cure HIV, it merely treats it, meaning it allows and aids people to live a longer healthier life while havingcontracted the disease.  HerpesØ  How Is the DiseaseSpread?You can contract herpes by engaging in vaginal, anal ororal sex with someone who has the disease, and also if you come into contactwith a herpes sore, or the saliva of someone with the disease. Ø  Symptoms of TheDiseaseSymptoms include:Fever and flu-like symptoms, nausea orfeeling sick, muscle aches, painful urination. Sores also appear on the penis, scrotum, groin and thighs, buttocks andaround the anus for men and on the labia, inside the vagina, groin and thighs,on the buttocks and around the anus for women.

Ø  Treatment of TheDisease.LikeHIV there is no known cure for Herpes, therefore drugs are usually prescribedto victims for treatment and to reduce the severity and duration of symptoms tomake living with the condition easier. The three most common drugs called uponare; acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir ), and valacyclovir (Valtrex).

 SyphilisØ  How Is the DiseaseSpread?Youcan contract Syphilis by engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone whohas the disease, and also if you come into contact with a Syphilis sore, whichcan be located at or around the vagina, penis, anus or on the mouth. Note thatSyphiliscan also be passed on from an infected mother to her unborn childØ  Symptoms of TheDiseaseSymptomsinclude: Chancres, rashes on thepalms of your hands/soles of your feet, slight fever, feeling tired, sorethroat, swollen glands, headache, and muscle aches. Late stages of Syphilis mayresult in tumours, blindness, and paralysis.Ø  Treatment of TheDisease.

Syphilisis easily cured especially in the early stage, antibioticsare usually suggested along with penicillin. It is to be noted that if treatedin the late stage, previous damage would not be changed, however, the infectionwould be cured. Genital wartsØ  How Is the DiseaseSpread?Youcan contract Genital warts by engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex withsomeone who has it. Note that Genital warts can also spread from an infectedmother to her unborn child.

Ø  Symptoms of TheDiseaseSymptomsinclude: Small grey swellings in your genital area, severalwarts close together that take on a cauliflower-like shape, itching ordiscomfort in your genital area and bleeding with intercourse.Ø  Treatment of TheDisease.Thereis no known treatment for genital warts, however there are medications that canbe applied to the skin that would clear the outbreak and also surgery.Medications include; Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara), Podophyllin and podofilox(Condylox), Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) & Sinecatechins (Veregen) Hepatitis BØ  How Is the DiseaseSpread?HepatitisB can spread upon contact with many of the body’s fluids such as blood, semen,saliva, vaginal and anal fluids, therefore you can contract Hepatitis B byengaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has it. Another way ofcontracting the disease is through the sharing of  needles and from an infected mother to herunborn child.Ø  Symptoms of TheDiseaseSymptoms include: Abdominalpain, dark urine, fever, joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, weaknessand fatigue, yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes.Ø  Treatment of TheDisease.

Acute Hepatitis Bdoes not need treatment, rest, frequent fluid intake and sufficient nutritionshould be enough. However, chronic Hepatitis B is incurable but treatable,medications are usually given to victims to enable them to live a longer,healthier life while having contracted the disease. Some of these medicationsare; Baraclude, Epivir-HBV, Intron A, Hepsera  GonorrhoeaØ  How Is the DiseaseSpread?Youcan contract Gonorrhoea by engaging in vaginal, anal or oral sex with someonewho has the disease. Note thatGonorrhoea can also spread from an infected mother to her unborn child.Ø  Symptoms of TheDiseaseSymptoms include:(Women); thin or watery, yellow orgreen vaginal discharge, pain when urinating, lower abdominal pain ortenderness.

(Men); white, yellow or green dischargefrom the tip of the penis, pain whenurinating, pain or tenderness in thetesticlesØ  Treatment of TheDisease.Gonorrhoeais easily treated with two types of antibioticsusually given as a tablet and an injection. Note that these treatments do notcure the infection it merely treats it. The antibiotics are; ceftriaxone and azithromycin