The Treaty of Versailles was a peace agreement between Germany and the Allies signed at the end of The Great War on January 18, 1919. The countries that were involved in this armistice were the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, and the German Republic, which had just replaced the incumbent German government that was excluded from the meeting. The Republican Party in the United States, which was opposed to the treaty, consisted of Irreconcilables and Reservationists (who were the main reason that the bill did not pass in Congress). President Wilson, a democrat, considered spreading Democracy throughout the world, one of his most important goals.
He was a deep-seated enthusiast of the settlement. Wilson overestimated his reputation, and his refusal to compromise on any provisos within the treaty led to its rejection in the Senate. The Treaty of Versailles contained many terms dealing with military, monetary, and territorial issues that were to be monitored by a newly created peacekeeping body, the League of Nations. Creation of the League of Nations was thefirst requirement of the Treaty.
This multi-national force's duty was to see to the completion by Germany of all stipulations provided in the contract Germany was required to abolish compulsory military service; reduce its army to 100,000; demilitarize all land on the left bank and 50 km of the right bank of the Rhine; stop all importation, exportation, and almost all production of war material; to limit its navy to 24 ships, with no submarines, and to abandon all military and naval aviation by October of 1919. In addition to all military agreements, Germany was ordered to pay massive amounts of reparations to the Allies for damage acquired during the war. This payment was to be made in the form of money, ships, trains, cattle, and natural resources. Germany also lost 13% of its land, and was forced to recognize the sovereignty of multiple nations incl.