Before the First World War had finished, the groundwork for the early stages
of another world war was beginning to take place in Germany. By the end of
World War I, the economic and social foundation of European society was
shaken. France had lost twenty percent of its young to
middle-aged men, and Germany had also lost well over 15 percent. A Treaty
was being proposed by President Woodrow Wilson in hope to finally end the
bloodshed brought on by thefirst World War.
The "victorious" Allied Powers met in Paris in January 1919 to speak of
peace treaties to finally end the devastating war. President Woodrow Wilson
had drawn up a series of proposals that he hoped would mark the beginning
of a lasting era of peace and prosperity. These proposals came to be known
as the Fourteen Points. Thefirst five proposals would help set general goals
for the postwar and aftermath. They included the following:
3. Removing economic barriers to trade
4. Reducing the size of national armies and navies
5. Adjusting colonial claims with fairness toward the colonial peoples
The sixth through the thirteenth propositions implied changing national
borders and creating new nations. Throughout all fourteen points, Wilson's
main idea was self-determination; allowing people to decide for themselves
under what government they wish to live.Finally, the fourteenth point in
Wilson Woodrow's proposals was a general association of nations, made to
protect "great and small states alike." This was Wilson's most important
point ofall. His plan was for an organization that would keep peace by
encouraging its members to solve problems and conflicts through negotiation
instead of war. This fourteenth point eventually led up to the formation of the
The Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires were eager for the