Trail of Tears, was it unjust and inhumane? What happened to the Cherokee during that
long and treacherous journey? They were brave and listened to the government, but they recieved
unproductive land and lost their tribal land.
The white settlers were already emigrating to the Union, or America. The East coast was
burdened with new settlers and becoming vastly populated. President Andrew Jackson and the
government had to find a way to move people to the West to make room. President Andrew Jackson
passed the Indian Removal Policy in the year 1830. The Indian Removal Policy which called for the
removal of Native Americans from the Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia area, also
moved their capital Echota in Tennessee to the new capital call New Echota, Georgia and then eventually
to the Indian Territory. The Indian Territory was declared in the Act of Congress in 1830 with the Indian
Elias Boudinot, Major Ridge, and John Ridge and there corps accepted the responsibility for the
removal of one of the largest tribes in the Southeast that were the earliest to adapt to European ways.
There was a war involving the Cherokee and the Chickasaw before the Indian Removal Policy
was passed. The Cherokee were defeated by them which caused Chief Dragging Canoe to sign a treaty in
1777 to split up their tribe and have the portion of the tribe in Chattanooga, Tennessee called the
Chief Doublehead of the Chickamauga, a branch of the Cherokee, signed a treaty to give away
their lands. Tribal law says “Death to any Cherokee who proposed to sell or exchange tribal land.” Chief
Doublehead was later executed by Major Ridge.
Again there was another treaty signed in December 29, 1835 which is called The Treaty of New
Echota. It was signed by a party of 500 Cherokee out of about 17,000. Between 1785 and 1902 twenty-five
treaties were signed with white men to give up thei

At the conclusion of the colonials’ War of Independence with Britain, during which the Cherokee had fought alongside the British, a treaty was signed in 1786, establishing the boundaries of Cherokee territory.As always, encroachments by European-American settlers continued in violation of this written agreement.A second treaty and another cession of territory was forced on the Cherokee people, sanctioning both existing encroachments as well as anticipated land hunger.In the War of 1812, however, the Cherokee natives refused to join with Tecumseh and the Creek-dominated southern confederacy of tribes, choosing instead to come to the aid of the European-Americans.The Cherokee natives were, in fact, instrumental in assisting Andrew Jackson’s forces against the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in Georgia. Their loyalty to the Union brought no benefit or protection once the conflict ended (Odur, 8 May 00).Consequently, in 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, providing for the transplanting of all Indian tribes then east of the Mississippi River, to what is present day Oklahoma.
During this semesters history class many topics were discussed regarding the transformation of America between 1770 and 1870.There were numerous interesting topics discussed; however, I found the topic of the uprooting the Native Americans the most interesting.This commentary will examine the circumstances that instigated the injustice better known as the Trail of Tears.Further, it this commentary will detail how the "five civilized" tribes assisted in the numerous battles the Americans faced, and how they assisted in the settling of present day America.In return, the Native Americans were "sentenced" to the American wasteland, better known as Oklahoma.
First and foremost, we must understand what the "five civilized" tribes are and how they got coined with such a title. The tribes: Cherokee, Chick…