To what extent was late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century United States expansionism a continuation of past United States expansionism and to what extent was it a departure?
America’s Foreign Policy in the late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century can be studied in two lights. During this time period, there were many contrasts with US expansionism: a continuation of past U.S. expansionisms and a departure. Expansionism during the turn of the century was largely a continuation of the United States’ previous foreign policies, but it was more of a departure. America’s hunger for land and power led it to depart from its original foreign policies and expand worldwide, such as large parts of Asia and the Caribbean.
Although the continuation of the United States’ expansionism was limited, they continued to stay true to the Monroe Doctrine and the belief that they were “… [the] race of unequalled energy, with all the majesty of numbers and the might of wealth…” (Doc. B) In President Theodore Roosevelt’s Annual Message to Congress on December 6, 1904, he stated that the United States does not actually hunger for any land or power, but instead it was their responsibility to interfere with any country plagued with “chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society,” such as Cuba. The unresolved Cuban Revolution revealed how poor the situation was in Cuba and Presidents McKinley and later Roosevelt decided used the theory of “the white man’s burden” and “the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine” to reluctantly exercise their international police power. (Doc. F)
America has also always been very interested in its own economy and making sure that no European countries such as Germany and Britain could dominate their economy. Its interference with Cuba, the Philippines, and China was not only purely out of good nature. America was losing ma…