To understand more about Management Information System, threearticles were studied and analyzed.The MIS converts the data into information, this is mostlyin the form of standardized reports and displays for the managers. These areused to support the management decision making process. This forms the mostimportant application of MIS. When we talk about management, it can be dividedas:· Top Management: It handles the planning and strategizing.
· Middle Management: It’s responsible forcontrolling and execution.· Lower Management: It’s concerned with day to dayadministration.Thus we can see that the impact of MIS is on the whole organization.It has increased the effectiveness and competitiveness of managers in decisionmaking and resolved the organization problems. It decreases labor and istime-saving, as employees can enter data easily into the system program insteadof manually collecting it. Coordination is more efficient between the department’sat all organizational levels.
It provides the right information in the rightformat to the right person at the right time.The MIS should be well designed. It should be able toprovide accurate, complete and quick information in a rapidly changing businessenvironment.
It should be flexible in data storage, retrieval and provide realtime information. Linking all the subsystems of an organization will help increating an integrated view and easy flow of information, but care should betaken to avoid data duplicity and redundancy. Long term planning should be donein a top-down way providing a holistic view of the organizational structure anddynamics.
Forecasts should be made and estimates generated for competitiveedge. At each instant huge quantity of raw data is generated from the differentinternal and external sources, which is of both unrelated and related nature,this data should be constantly collected, updated, organized and manipulated.The systems framework should be built effectively in organizing the informationsystem applications.