There are many conditions that can develop
during pregnancy. Today the main focus is on preeclampsia. This is a condition
that can be potentially life threatening and can develop to a more serious
state, that is eclampsia. With the information available below you will have
better awareness and ways that can help eliminate this condition. This
condition not only affects the mother but can have long lasting effects on the
soon to be born child.

     There are few signs and symptoms that can
help determine whether an expecting mother should see their doctor. These
symptoms are usual mistaken for just normal pregnancy symptoms so therefore it
is recommended to see your doctor. The most common signs and symptoms consist
of high blood pressure also known as hypertension and the presence of a high
protein content found in the urine. Abnormal swelling in the hands, feet and
sometimes face is also a common factor. Typically, there are certain test that
are done to the patient to diagnose if they have preeclampsia.

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     Preeclampsia is diagnosed with the
monitoring of blood pressure. High blood pressure is considered if your
systolic rate is 140 and over and if your diastolic rate is 90 above. Once it
is confirmed that the patient has high blood pressure. Then they will continue
with taking urine samples to test for the presence of excessive protein. Once
the sample is tested and the data shows that there are 300 milligrams of
protein present in the urine then a definite diagnosis of preeclampsia can be
confirmed. Preeclampsia can be a risk to a lot of women who are pregnant.

     First time pregnancies including those of
teens and pregnant women that are over the age of 40 are the main women at risk
of getting diagnosed with preeclampsia. Within those women if they have a
history of high blood pressure, then they also are at risk. Obesity along with
diabetes is another addition to developing this condition. Lastly if the mother
is carrying more than one baby is also a risk to the mother. Preeclampsia not
only affects the mother to be but it also has effects on the baby based on the
severity.

     Preeclampsia can affect the baby by
restricting the placenta from receiving the blood supply it needs. The ending
result of this is typically the baby will be born small. This can also
contribute to premature births. Babies that are premature are also exposed to
the possibilities of being born with learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, and
hearing problems. The expecting mothers can also be affect though very serious
ways are uncommon.

     Complications that can affect the mothers
include stroke, heart failure, seizures and water in the lungs. The main
complication that is a big risk to mothers is placenta abruption. This is when
the placenta unexpectedly separates from the uterus. Causing the baby to be
deprived of oxygen and the nutrients it needs to survive. Other complications
can cause permanent damage to the mother including blindness. Preeclampsia once
diagnosed, only has a few ways to be treated.

     The main treatment of preeclampsia is the
mother giving birth to the baby. How far long the mother is along with how
severe the preeclampsia is will determine the delivery of the baby by the mother’s
doctor. If the mother is 35 weeks or more the doctor may have the mother
deliver her baby early. If the doctor sees that it’s not time or the baby is
not full term, they will result to other treatments. Treatments such as
recommending partial bed rest. Permanent bed rest can increase the risk of
clots due to low mobility. The doctor may also prescribe medicine to prevent
high blood pressure.

     Preeclampsia is a condition that can affect
any first-time mother. With minimal treatment it can only be treated with certain
modifications while carrying the child. Whether that be partial bed rest, taking
medication for high blood pressure, or just watching weight gain. If severe enough
preeclampsia can have long life effects on both the mother and the child. The ultimate
way of curing preeclampsia is by the delivery of the child.