This essay was written to show the advantages and disadvantages of the Young Offenders Act over the previous Juvenile Delinquents Act.Also it should give a theoretical understanding of the current Canadian Juvenile-Justice system, the act and it’s implications and the effects of the young offenders needs and mental health on the outcome of the trials. In the interest of society the young offenders act was brought forth on april second 1984.This act was created to ensure the rights and the needs of a young person.Alan W. Leshied says “On one hand the justice and legal objectives of the act are being effectively realized while on the other hand the needs and treatment aspects of it leave much to be desired.

“The research of the Young offenders act is still ongoing but Leshied says that it is becoming clear that the custody positions have been in dispute since the act came into effect. The old Juveniledelinquency act states in section 38 “The care and custody and discipline of a juvenile delinquent shall approximate as nearly as maybe that which should be given by his parents, and..

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.as far as practability every juvenile delinquent shall be treated, not as a criminal, but as a misguided and misdirected child . .

. needing aid, encouragement, help and assistance.”(Page 72) If a youth is close to the adult age of 18 years they could be transfered to the adult justice system.This means that they would be given the same sentences as an adult including and up to life in prison.Many people have tried to correct this problem that they see as a weakness. Yet, so far their attempts have failed.

Another weakness they find, is that the courts are expensive and unsatisfactory methods of dealing with crime that is not very serious. Before the fabrication of legal aid most young offenders were …