The national unification of Italy, Germany and the United States had many similarities and differences. When Germany and Italy experienced unification, the United States was already unified but going through a process of conserving the union of its states. While both the United States and Germany contained one main influential leader during their time of unification, Italy experienced two main leaders that were an essential part if its unification. Cavour was an important leader because he unified northern Italy. Another leader was Garibaldi who is responsible for uniting the southern and northern parts of Italy.
For Germany, after the failure of the German revolutionaries of 1848, the German confederation was a loose union of thirty-nine states. In 1862, Bismarck was declared minister-president of Prussia. Bismarck had a strong personality and great desire for power. In his conquest to unify Germany, Bismarck fought against Austria as the Prussian ambassador to the German confederation from 1857-1859. His goal was to build up Prussia's strength and consolidate Prussia''s great power status. To do that, he decided to ally with the forces of German nationalism to defeat and expel Austria from German affairs.
To bring the provinces into a more centralized Danish State against the will of the German Confederation, Prussia joined Austria in a war against Denmark and succeeded in 1864. Bismarck felt that Prussia had to completely control the northern part of the German Confederation, which meant Austria was excluded from German affairs. After victory over Denmark, Bismarck placed Prussia in a position to force out Austria. In 1867, Bismarck formed an alliance with four south German states, but they didn''t go further because of their different religious and political traditions. Bismarck found that a patriotic war with France would create the participation of the south German States in a unified Germany. Whe.