For my term paper I chose the Tuskegee Airman. They
will alway be the most influential air squadron during WWII. I
think this because there where a lot racist people that did not
want them to succeed, but they did more than just succeed. They
became thefirst black Airforce pilots.
It all started when President Roosevelt arranged a meeting
in September 1940 with three African-American leaders and members
of the Army and Navy. During the meeting, the leaders emphasized
three points:(1)equal opportunity for jobs in the defense
industry, (2)impartial administration of the new draftlaw, and
(3)an opportunity for qualified blacks to learn to fly in
A few days later after the meeting, the War Department
issued a policy directives stating that black men generally would
be admitted into the armed force in numbers equivalent to their
percentage in the civilian population.
But it was not until a couple months after the meeting in
December 1940, that the Army Air Corps submitted a plan for the
experiment to establish an all-black fighter squadron.
The plan was not official until July 19, 1941 when Major
General Walter Weaver, commander of the U.S. Army's Southeastern
Air Corps spoke at the Tuskegee Institute Campus.*2* It was
then that 13 black men became thefirst black pilot trainees.
Most of the trainees were college graduates, including a
policeman, an army officer, a factory inspector, and several
young men who were fresh out of college.
Also, all of the men were trained at Chanute Air Field in
Ratoul, Illinois at the US Army Air Corps Technical Training
School. The men of thisfirst squadron were so smart that they
established a grade point average never equaled before or after
A few miles from the Tuskegee Campus, two air fields were
built for the training of the new cadets. The two air fields were
Moton Field and the Tuskegee Army A…