The purpose of this
report is to find out the prevalence of insomnia among college students. It
creates an understanding of insomnia as well as its causes. It explains the
different types of insomnia found amongst students as well as the possible
available solutions. With an understanding of this, it is possible to
understand the sleeping problems faced by students these days as well as the
treatments or solutions available for them.

It is important to identify
the medical and psychological causes before deciding on the treatment for
insomnia. It depends on the type of sleep problem you have. Treatment of
insomnia can be done by two methods which are medication based and
non-medication based. There are several different types of ways which are used for
treating insomnia. Many professionals do not recommend use of medication like
sleeping pills for treating insomnia. Doctors and psychiatrists lay more
emphasis on treating the root of the problem causing insomnia like stress,
anxiety, depression and work load rather than taking medication for treating it.

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College students who
are affected by insomnia mostly do not achieve high academic performance and
may even risk failure. This can affect the whole present and future of a
student which they may regret their whole life. Students may not be aware of
the fact that their unhealthy sleeping habits may be cause of their poor
performance in college as students are sleep deprived and may feel drowsiness
in the morning. Many think insomnia is the symptom of other mental disorders
like anxiety and depression. Depression is now common among college students.
Insomnia can increase clinical depression. Improving sleeping patterns and
addressing insomnia can increase the chances of improving depressive symptoms.
An article published in the BBC News (“Insomnia damages relationships”, 2011)
stressed that the lack of sleep needs to be treated as a major health issue.

Insomnia among College
students can be caused by several factors which include unhealthy eating
habits, unhealthy sleeping habits, intake of excessive caffeine, use of
cellphones, laptops or any kinds of screens, stress, and lack of physical activity
in their daily lives. Insomnia can be classified into two types primary and
secondary. Primary insomnia occurs if an individual has problems sleeping which
is not caused by some health condition or some problem. The secondary insomnia
occurs when an individual has sleeping problems because of other reasons such a
health condition like some kind of disease or taking some form of medication.

Insomnia is a sleep
disorder which causes difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. Having a
good night sleep is an important part of all our lives it allows our body and
mind to rest and our body to re-energize. Without getting a proper good night
sleep we wake up tired and fatigued, our body and mind becomes stressed we feel
irritated and low on energy, thereby, not allowing us to function or be at our
best as we need our body to be. It causes a depressed mood, stress and anxiety.
Waking up tired and not being able to sleep at night are general complaints
found among College students.  Students
suffering from insomnia may have one or more of these symptoms difficulty in
falling asleep, waking up too early in the morning, feeling tired after waking
up, waking up during the night and having trouble going back to sleep.