The Use of Terror was Necessary for The French Revolution To Succeed
The involvement of the Reign of Terror was compulsory for the French Revolution to Prevail. Sure this period in History was responsible for the extermination of more than 20,000 people but it would weed out the enemies of the republic regardless of past loyalties and affections. “Cruel, harsh and inhumane, it would be administered at the request and for the benefit of the nation.” (Moulder, p110) Originally known as the “Region of Terror” it was a period running from September 1793 to August 1794, executed by the 12 members of the Committee of Public Safety and overseen by Maximilien Robespierre.
What brought about the Terror? After the royal family was captured in Varennes, Moderate Revolutionaries still wanted to preserve the constitutional monarchy, while the radicals distrusted the King and wanted a republic. Many peoples’ lives changed during this time, peoples’ ideas also changed.
Food costs kept rising, to pay for the war. The government was printing huge amounts of paper money called assignats. “But the more bank notes it printed, the less they were worth: The Currency was suffering from inflation” (Brooman, p43) By 1793 a bank note was worth only half the amount printed on it. Bread were getting expensive, because farmers did not want to sell their grain in exchange for the now invaluable money. And so hungry Sans Culottes raided food stores to gather and consume food they could not purchase. Food shortages now occurred.
When Louis XVI and his wife fled to the Legislative assembly, they were imprisoned. they called for a National Convention to write a newer constitution. The National Convention met in September. The National Convention tried and convicted Louis XVI for treason. He was sentenced to death.
News of his death spread all through out Europe. Monarchs of European Nations feared that the revolution w…