It has been a'splendid little war' wrote John Hay to Theodore Roosevelt after the fall of Santiago.Little, the Spanish-American War was; it was over in barely four months.Splendid?Maybe for those at home, reading the headline about its lucky victories.But for those men who fought in it, it was a bloody, dirty and heroic war as any in history.Zinn, Johnson, and Tindall & Shi, mostly wrote similar information about the war, some wrote more details than the others.They also emphasized strongly on different areas about the war.This is not a summarization of the history of the war, it is only to show which areas each authors wrote a great deal about.
In Howard Zinn's book, he emphasized strongly on commercial possibilities, economic interest and an establishment of a white and a black republic in Cuba.In 1898, there was a turnabout in the US business attitudes on Cuba.Businessmen had been interested, from the start of the Cuban revolt against Spain in the effect on commercial possibilities there.There was a substantial economic interest in the island because according to President Grover Cleveland's summarization in 1896, it is estimated that at least $30 million to $50million of American capital are invested in the plantations and in railroad, mining and other business enterprises on the island.The volume trade between the US and Cuba, which in 1889 amounted to about $64 million rose in 1893 to about $103 million.The US government had power and profit in mind as it observed the events in Cuba.The issue with the establishment of a white and a black republic was also a concern to the Cleveland administration if Cuba wins the war since Cuba had a mixture of the two races.Out of the three books, only Zinn wrote about this issue.A black republic might be dominant.Two-fifths of the insurgents in the field are negroes.If these men win, they would demand a predominant share in the gov…

The Spanish-American War had a good many causes. The stated U.S. cause for war with Spain was the Cuban struggle for independence, American Imperialism was also another factor and the sinking of the Maine was a big factor as well.
The war grew out the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain; the brutality with which Spain put down Cuban demands for independence made Americans both sympathetic and angry on the part of the Cubans.
An important factor in the U.S. decision to go to war was the growing imperialism of the United States, as seen in the mounting efforts to extend American influence overseas. The increasingly aggressive behavior of the United States was often justified by the belief of"Manifest Destiny", which was a widespread belief among most Americans.
The sinking of the battleship Maine, was also a large factor in the United State's war with Spain. In January of 1898 the U.S. consul general in Havana asked that a U.S. warship be sent to the harbor to protect U.S. citizens and property in the area. On the night of February 15 an underwater explosion while at anchor in Havana harbor destroyed the Maine and 266 officers and men were lost in the explosion.Even though it was never proven that Spain had anything to do with the sinking of the ship, the American public with the help the American press, assumed the Spanish sunk the Maine, which enraged the American public to fight a war.
On April 11, 1898 President William McKinley sent a message to congress asking for the authority to end the fighting in Cuba. On April 19 a joint resolution of the two houses of Congress gave him the authority to intervene on behalf of the Cubans. On April 22 the North Atlantic Squadron was ordered to blockade Cuba, and three days later congress declared war on Spain.
The actual war it self lasted less that four months, the American strategy revolved around destroying the Spanish navy wh