In the early part of the twentieth century, the only way to traverse the Atlantic was by ocean liner. It was a time of fierce competition between rival lines–with passengers expecting not only a speedy crossing, but luxurious accommodations as well. In 1903 Lord Inverclyde created the Cunard Line. Construction soon began on two fast and luxurious liners that were to challenge the German vessels that had held the'Blue Riband' since 1897. The resulting sisterships RMS Lusitania and RMS Mauretania would be a firm reassertion of British supremacy at sea.
Launched at the River Clyde in June 16, 1906, RMS Lusitania was a grand ship and thefirst of the two sister ships to be launched. At 785 feet in length and 31,550 gross tons, she took the title of largest liner afloat. Her maiden voyage took place September 7, 1907, and in October 1907 she recaptured the coveted'Blue Riband' from the German liner Deutschland, which Britain had failed to obtain since the industrialization of Germany. The construction of Lusitania was financed by generous loans from the British government. In return for the generous loans, the Admiralty could requisition Lusitania or her sister in times of war. This would be key in the demise of the Lusitania.
World War I would eventually erupt. During the war the Allies blockaded Germany preventing them from receiving any supplies, food or munitions. This led to Germany's development of a new weapon called the U-boat or submarine, as we now know it. This would allow the Germans to form a counter blockade as well as sink all these unsuspecting ships with out getting caught.
The Lusitania left New York harbor on May 1, 1915, nobody was expecting the tragedy that was soon to occur. Although a warning against Americans boarding British ships signed by the Imperial German Embassy had appeared in the morning papers on the day the vessel was scheduled to leave, no one figured they were in…

World War One, despite the enormity and grand scale of the conflict, was ultimately a war of attrition. “Attrition in the end, was the main factor that decided who won the war. The Entente Powers simply had more men and resources than Germany and its allies (though there were some anxious moments between the time their Russian ally fell out of the war mid-1917 and the arrival of large numbers of American troops on the Western Front in mid-1918).”
Both sides of the war were supplied with materials from their various colonies. Of necessity, this was by ship. But a new form of naval warfare emerged from the German shipyards.It was an improved submarine, the U-boat.There were strict traditional and international warfare rules regarding submarines.”The traditional rules of war stipulated that a warship must warn a merchantman and allow its passengers and crew to abandon ship before sinking it, unless the merchant ship resisted or attempted to escape, or was in convoy under the protection of warships. A limited armament on a merchant ship, such as a gun or two for protection against pirates or lightly armed raiders, did not necessarily nullify the ship’s immunity to attack without warning. A cargo of munitions or war materiel did not affect a merchant ship’s status in this respect, although it certainly legitimized destruction of the ship and cargo after removal of passengers and crew.”There was an alleged armament of the Lusitania in which twelve six-inch guns were placed and hidden.”Twelve six-inch guns is heavy armament, equivalent to the main battery of a large World War Two light cruiser. It would require at least a hundred men to man such a battery, and probably considerably more . To hide a contingent this large, in a crew of about 700, would be impossible. It is equally implausible that Lusitania’s own crew could have manned these guns; every account, indicates that she had a largely inexperienced crew of wartime recrui…