In 1949 the CCP Chinese communist party gained control of china.
Thus this enabled its leader Mao to begin control over china. Mao began by making many changes to agriculture and industry. One of thefirst things he did was the land reform order of 1950.This was where Mao gave authority to the peasants of china to face there public enemy "the landlord" and they could revolt against the land lords and take the land." the moment when each man and woman stood up to face their own personal enemy, the landlord." This order reposed all the land and divided it among peasants. The CCP sent people out called cadres to help set up the peasants new found land and help the peasants arrange it.
The CCP Wanted the peasants to work in large cooperatives. Where the peasants would work together on shared land and share the profits accordingly. By 1995 Mao claimed tht over 60 million households had joined co operatives. However Mao felt that enough people weren't in co operatives and that the change was happening slow. Thus Mao called for greater changes and made the people form communes.
This was known as the great leap forward. Mao made these changes so he could get everyone working together to build communism. These communes were huge communities with as many as 80,000 people.
Mao did this because this enabled large groups of people to undertake big agricultural tasks.Peasents no longer worked on fields individually. Mao also wanted industry to become successful in the great leap forward .He wanted all people to begin making iron and steel and peasants were encouraged to build furnaces in there backyards.
People worked all day and all night to produce iron and steel for industry. However the results of the great leap forward of agriculture and industry were not so good. Much was achieved in some areas, but not all communes were successful and there was an imbalance of agriculture and industry. There have been..