The "Republic" of Plato in which he outlines his conception of the ideal human society analyses the meanings of"justice" and"partiality" and their place in governing a "city".Plato confronts concepts of the "Individual" against the "Community"; pragmatism against idealism and he even suggests principles of morality, logic and even metaphysic (when he talks about the "soul" being a decisive factor in deciding whether one was just or unjust) when trying to explain in the dialogue the true meaning of Justice.
Plato was born in the Greek City State of Athens.For some times they had enjoyed great political, social, cultural development, but Plato grew up in times of great conflicts and eventually war and defeat. When Democracy was restored, great philosopher Socrates was accused of corrupting the minds of the youths and thrown in jail where he eventually died poisoned. It is then that Plato wrote his famous "Republic" which was like a quest for wisdom, but also a quest for an antidote to the delusions and madness of the society.
The dialogue is between the great philosopher, Socrates and his friends. The dialogue starts with Socrates walking along with Glaucon to attend the annual Festivals while they are met by Trasymachus who presses them to follow him to his house; there,
they meet Cephalus, Trasymachus's father, Lysias, Euthydemus, Charmantides,Cleitophonm and Thrasymachus.
Cephalus greets Socrates, they start a conversation and that initiate the debate or dialogue on justice which goes on till the end of the "Republic".The dialogue is very interesting especially passages (340b-353e) where Socrate's Idealism and Trasymachus's Pragmatism confront again. Trasymachus wants to hold on to his argument that the just is to do the advantage of the stronger; for according to him, in any society, the ruli