The reformation was a period when people went against the Catholic Church. Some differences between the reformation and the Catholic Church included the beliefs in religious icons, sales of indulgences so that people could get from purgatory to heaven, and how people should interpret the Bible. While the anti-Catholic reform movements spread, so did the destruction of religious icons such as certain works of art and even many monasteries. The sale of indulgences was one of Martin Luther's points in his ninety-five theses. He believed that indulgences had no affect on whether or not you got into heaven. Martin Luther and John Calvin lead their followers to believe that everyone should read the bible on their own. The Catholic Church believed that the people should follow what the Church tells you is in the Bible. The major reformers of the early modern/renaissance period included Erasmus, Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin, and King Henry VIII.
Erasmus was a monk at the Augustinian monastery in 1487 and became a priest in 1492. He believed that the Catholic Church needed to be purified. He wanted to be the one to stimulate this change by starting it from the inside. Erasmus believed that monks did not live the way they should. He believed Courtiers were the worst of all the nobility. He thought they were lazy and stupid.
Like Erasmus, Martin Luther also wanted to change the Catholic Church from the inside. He posted his 95 theses on the door of Castle Church at Wittenburg in 1517. Martin Luther believed salvation was delivered through faith, not achievement. His position was that believers could be "justified by faith alone" (page 69). He also believed that only the essential practices should be taught in Church.
Ulrich Zwingli is known for his beliefs in iconoclasm, the destruction of religious icons during the reformation. He was a religious leader during the Reformation. Ulrich and his followers bel…