All countries and civilizations throughout history have been run with some form of government or leadership. Whether the governing body is ruled by a tyrant, monarchy, democracy, or even a tsar, the body has certain responsibilities and jobs. In any given country, the role of the government varies according to the state of the country and the desires of the people in it. During different time periods in American history, the people have expected different things from their government according to the situation. Between the 1920's and 1930's, our nation's perceptions of the role of government, its powers, and responsibilities went from wanting the government to keep out of business and the economy to seeking change and governmental actions.
With the inauguration of Warren G. Harding, the 1920's were staged to be a "Return to Normalcy." Between the ruling of Harding and Calvin "Cool Cal" Coolidge, America founds its way back to regularity. The country prospered from new inventions and technology along side with the laissez-faire styles of governing brought by Harding and Coolidge; "… the 1920's presidents viewed the role of government as a passive servant of business rather than as an active regulator…"#President Coolidge said: "The business of America is business," meaning that the economy was doing fine and did not need many if any regulations. This led to good relationships between large businesses, government, and the people of America as shown in this quote: "With the upsurge in prosperity, most Americans shed their fears of big business and ceased complaining about the depredations of large corporations."# This protection occurred not only from the executive branch, but also by the legislative branch; "The U.S. Supreme Court was dominated by conservative jurists during the 1920's… Many of its decisions protected business from rigorous re…