During the 1930’s, America witnessed a breakdown of the Democratic and free enterprise system as the
United States fell into the worst Depression in history. The effects of the depression were being felt
everywhere in the United States. In 1933, sixteen million people were unemployed. Americans wanted and
needed a change. They proved this by electing Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932. This was the beginning of a
new period in time for Americans, as Roosevelt would introduce his course of action with the New Deal.
Would Roosevelt;s New Deal be what Americans needed to counteract the effects of the depression? In
Roosevelt;sfirst inaugural address he declared, ;…In the event that Congress hall fail to take these courses
and in the event that the national emergency is still critical I shall not evade the clear course or duty that will
then confront me.; Roosevelt;s course of action came to be known as the New Deal. The New Deal
describes the innovative measures that President Roosevelt took to try to restore the American economy,
give Americans pride again, and have faith in the government. The New Deal started in 1933 and lasted until
1938. The New Deal was based on relief, recovery, and reform. The New Deal included federal action of
unprecedented scope to stimulate industrial recovery, assist victims of the Depression, guarantee minimum
living standards, and prevent future economic crises. Many economic, political, and social factors lead up to
the implementation of the New Deal. In thefirst two years, the New Deal was concerned mainly with relief,
setting up shelters and soup kitchens to feed the millions of unemployed. On March 6, 1933 Roosevelt
called a nationwide bank holiday, and on March 9 Congress passed the Emergency Banking Act, which
provided for federal bank inspections. In the summer of 1933, the Glass-Steagall Act set much more
stringent rules for banks and pro…