The ocean has provided
humans with many different things such as food, such as food, recreation, such as
scuba diving, and transportation, such as going on a boat. Not only does the ocean
offers humans those things, the ocean regulates climate and provides the entire
world with most of its oxygen. To people the ocean is their grocery store,
pharmacy, playground, and highway. The ocean also gives humans job opportunities,
for example a scuba diver or a marine biologist. Ingredients for the ocean also
is found is some medicines that help battle cancer, heart disease, arthritis and
other illnesses.

            The ocean has become more acidic because when carbon
dioxide mixes with water it becomes an acid. Because of the carbon dioxide
pollution, it is changing the chemistry of the ocean making it more acidic. The
acidity in the ocean is affecting many different species in the ocean. The pH
of the ocean is decreasing making it less basic. From the time of the Industrial
Revolution the pH has changed from an 8.2 to 8.1.   The pH is predicated to drop an 0.3- 0.4 by the end of this
century. If the accumulation of carbon dioxide continues the way it is now, the
pH may fall to 7.8-7.7, which would be the most acidic the ocean has been for
years.

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One
of the most vital problems the planet is facing is ocean acidification. It is
mentioned the as the other carbon problem, other than the situation of global
warming.  Ocean acidification is occurring
because humans are burning fossil fuels. When using cars and through factories,
the carbon dioxide is being released in to the atmosphere, then is being
absorbed into the oceans. With the ocean being over 70% of Earth’s surface the
atmosphere is in contact with the oceans causing the carbon dioxide that is
going in to the atmosphere to go into the ocean. Since the Industrial
Revolution, the ocean as accumulate one-quarter of carbon dioxide because of the
burning of fossil fuels and has become 30% more acidic. If the pollution of the
ocean continues, the ocean acidity will double by the end of century.

The
marine life in the ocean has been affected in many ways. Ocean acidification
has affected species from the tropics to the poles. It disturbs the coral that
provides habituated for fish, shrimp, to the microscopic plants that provide food
for zooplankton. One major factor that affects species is the shells they
build. Thousands of species build shells to help them survive and to protect
themselves. Some shells can be very thin, so when the acidity rises molecules that
the organisms use to make their shell can be worn-out, getting rid of the structure
for shell creation. This causes organisms to have less energy to create food
and reproduce. When the acidity in the ocean becomes too high the shell will dissolve,
making it hard for a lot of organisms to survive. Species such as Dungeness crabs,
mussels, oysters, sea urchins, shrimp, and lobsters are at risk.

To
prevent the increasing of acidification, carbon dioxide must be produced less.
With energy efficiency solutions, it will reduce the amount of carbon dioxide. Solutions
such as using solar panels, or driving less.  NRDC is working to lower the amount of carbon
pollution and trying to receive money for more research. The protection of
marine habitats is important so there isn’t further damaged then there already
is. In all, to prevent the increase of acidification think of ways to conserve
energy and decrease the amount of carbon dioxide being put in the air.