The ocean has providedhumans with many different things such as food, such as food, recreation, such asscuba diving, and transportation, such as going on a boat. Not only does the oceanoffers humans those things, the ocean regulates climate and provides the entireworld with most of its oxygen. To people the ocean is their grocery store,pharmacy, playground, and highway. The ocean also gives humans job opportunities,for example a scuba diver or a marine biologist. Ingredients for the ocean alsois found is some medicines that help battle cancer, heart disease, arthritis andother illnesses. The ocean has become more acidic because when carbondioxide mixes with water it becomes an acid.
Because of the carbon dioxidepollution, it is changing the chemistry of the ocean making it more acidic. Theacidity in the ocean is affecting many different species in the ocean. The pHof the ocean is decreasing making it less basic. From the time of the IndustrialRevolution the pH has changed from an 8.2 to 8.1.
The pH is predicated to drop an 0.3- 0.4 by the end of thiscentury. If the accumulation of carbon dioxide continues the way it is now, thepH may fall to 7.8-7.7, which would be the most acidic the ocean has been foryears.Oneof the most vital problems the planet is facing is ocean acidification. It ismentioned the as the other carbon problem, other than the situation of globalwarming.
Ocean acidification is occurringbecause humans are burning fossil fuels. When using cars and through factories,the carbon dioxide is being released in to the atmosphere, then is beingabsorbed into the oceans. With the ocean being over 70% of Earth’s surface theatmosphere is in contact with the oceans causing the carbon dioxide that isgoing in to the atmosphere to go into the ocean. Since the IndustrialRevolution, the ocean as accumulate one-quarter of carbon dioxide because of theburning of fossil fuels and has become 30% more acidic.
If the pollution of theocean continues, the ocean acidity will double by the end of century. Themarine life in the ocean has been affected in many ways. Ocean acidificationhas affected species from the tropics to the poles. It disturbs the coral thatprovides habituated for fish, shrimp, to the microscopic plants that provide foodfor zooplankton. One major factor that affects species is the shells theybuild.
Thousands of species build shells to help them survive and to protectthemselves. Some shells can be very thin, so when the acidity rises molecules thatthe organisms use to make their shell can be worn-out, getting rid of the structurefor shell creation. This causes organisms to have less energy to create foodand reproduce. When the acidity in the ocean becomes too high the shell will dissolve,making it hard for a lot of organisms to survive. Species such as Dungeness crabs,mussels, oysters, sea urchins, shrimp, and lobsters are at risk. Toprevent the increasing of acidification, carbon dioxide must be produced less.With energy efficiency solutions, it will reduce the amount of carbon dioxide.
Solutionssuch as using solar panels, or driving less. NRDC is working to lower the amount of carbonpollution and trying to receive money for more research. The protection ofmarine habitats is important so there isn’t further damaged then there alreadyis. In all, to prevent the increase of acidification think of ways to conserveenergy and decrease the amount of carbon dioxide being put in the air.