The Hundred Years’ War had distant and immediate causes.In 1259, France and England signed the Treaty of Paris.This main point of the treaty was the English king agreed to become vassal of the French crown for the duchy of Aquitaine.The English claimed Aquitaine as an ancient inheritance.The French kinds resolved to absorb the duchy into the kingdom of France.Philip confiscated the duchy.This was the immediate cause of the war.Edward the II assumed the title of the king of France.He believed that he could rightfully make this claim.Hence, the dynastic argument upset the feudal order in France.To increase their power, French vassals of Philip VI used the excuse that they had to transfer their loyalty to Edward III.Because of the war being a French civil war, it lasted long.Economic factors involving the wool trade and the control of Flemish towns also served as reasons for the war between France and England.

The Hundred Years’ War: a war that did not last 100 years, but still claims and holds true to its title. The Hundred Years’ War held serious effects. The immediate and long-standing consequences were extreme on both sides on the English Channel and harsh on all aspects of life. Some of the most significant elements of the Hundred Years’ War to be regarded include the effects on the people, the governments, and the land. Other key rudiments are the long-term results and the outcome of who would be victorious.
The political effects of the war triggered thoughts of national assembly and other new ideas. In England, the war motivated Parliament’s development. In the long range, the war helped permanently establish Parliament. King Edward III reigned for fifty years and Parliament met in thirty-seven of them. The King obviously required money to pay for the war costs, so he turned to Parliament to fulfill those needs. Since the king was the one who had the power to arrange a national assembly, France never developed one. The French king wasn’t fond of the idea of a national assembly because it threatened his power. Even though a national assembly did not form, a new political feeling started to arise within the country. Joan of Arc’s ideas inspired people to look at France as a country and not just a cluster of provinces; this was a start to nationalism. Since this feeling arose, people starting looking more to the King for leadership, and feudalism was destroyed.
Several of the most important effects were on the social level. Both sides suffered great manpower losses. Combined with the losses from the Black Death, the population decrease was major. Many English knights, that used to handle a large amount of local government work, were killed and local order broke down.In England, new taxes caused the people to become discontented and annoyed. The bulk of the war was fought of French soil; therefore, France was left devastated. Cou…