The ancient Middle East and Mesopotamia was largely a multicultural society composed of small, often insignificant kingdoms that were regularly torn between the forces of powerful empires, from Babylon to Egypt to Greece to Rome.One of these small kingdoms through its religion, philosophy, and law became one of the most important cultures in Middle Eastern and Western history.
The word Hebrew appears to have been derived from the world Hiberu, which was found in writing sent to Egypt by one of the small states that Egypt had left behind when it withdrew from Canaan in the 1300s BC. These states were distressed by the arrival of nomadic tribes that came in waves across generations.Hiberu meant outsider and probably referred to a great variety of migrants.
Beginning as a closely-knit, war-like group of wandering tribes, this culture enjoyed for a short period, one of a histories greatest empires, but it soon fell into a small and feeble state.TheHebrews would surface as one of the most significant culture of the West and Middle East, giving us monotheism, law, and a new history for the west. For thefirst hundred years the Hebrews wandered and roamed the region of Mesopotamia, Palestine, and northern Egypt.From about 1950 BC to 1500 BC they rambled around the ancient Near East.Around 1500 BC they settled in the fertile land of northern Egypt called Goshen.It was here that these drifting tribes developed a national identity.
Around 1200 BC the Hebrews, also called “The children of Israel" left Egypt in an
event called the Exodus.This historical event was lead by Moses.The Old Testament’s
Book of Exodus describes an unnamed pharaoh ordering the slaughter of all male Hebrew
infants, and it describes a Hebrew woman trying to save her infant son, Moses, by putting
him adrift on the Nile in a tiny boat of reeds caulked with tar pitch. Moses was credited with