The building called Villa Savoye is private
home built in the 1928 for the Savoye family. It was designed by the Swiss-
born architect Le Corbusier. The Villa rapidly has become one of the most influential
buildings in the International style of architecture and cemented Le Corbusier’s
reputation as one of the most architects of the 20th century.
It is located just outside Paris and is
totally surrounded by nature. The landscape plays an important role in terms of
the building`s proprieties. The Villa Savoye it`s a building with complex
geometry and undecorated white walls which exemplifies the International style
as well as Le Corbusier’s idea of purism.
The entire exterior of the building follows
the shape of a box as seen from the drawing, which is raised using the well-known
pilotis also named as columns or stilts. The reason behind this aspect is that
the main rooms of the building are located on the first floor allowing space
for a roof with terrace which communicates with the surrounding landscape.
Villa Savoye is a key building which exemplified the International Style. It had
a big influence on other architects’ buildings.
easy see the similarities in the buildings of the Bauhaus and De Stijl movements,
features like rectangular façade, concrete slab roof and connected spaces can
be found in all styles but they are represented most strongly in Villa Savoye.
The presence of white walls is another aspect of the modernism style,
frequently found in many examples from that period.
The purpose of the building is to explore the concept of
the “inside outside “using the International Style characteristics such as long
ribbon windows or even entire window walls which connects the environment of
the house with the landscape outside as can be seen clearly these details in
the left hand side drawing. The villa is quite big having 408as
The villa was constructed taking in consider
the system “Five points” which Le Corbusier had developed in order
to guide to his modernist architectural style.
The system needed pilotis to
lift the building off the ground and allow air to circulate underneath; Functional roof serving as a garden and terrace to bring nature into an urban scenery; an open plan
that allowed interior space to be spread freely upon the clients or architects
wish; freely designed façade, this time
not affected by load; and ribbon glazed windows, providing illumination and
insuring that the environment is good ventilated.