Synopsis Liberia; a United Nation’s success or partial success? The basic objective of the UnitedNations is to attain and maintain a world peace and friendly relations amongnations across the globe. This is aptly summarized in the preamble of theUnited Nations Charter which says; “WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONSDETERMINED to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twicein our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind”, AND FOR THESE ENDS “topractice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as goodneighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace andsecurity, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution ofmethods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest.” In the early 1990s, there was asignificant increase in the use of UN authorized peace operations forpeacebuilding (Doyle and Sambanis 2006). This reflected a new trend ofinterventionism and redefined a new generation of strategies in peacebuilding.According to Kofi Annan, the former Secretary-General of the United Nations,those peace operations were intended to fill a ‘gaping hole’ in theOrganization’s institutional and structural capacity to support countries intransition from violent conflict to sustainable peace.
It is as part of thisreason, that in September 2003, the United Nations Mission in Liberia, wasestablished by the Security Council of the UN to help achieve sustainable peacein Liberia. The major arguments thatrecurrently come up in the academia and at the UN levels is whetherPeacebuilding only involves measures aimed at lessening the risk of lapsing orrelapsing into conflict, to strengthen national capacities at all levels forconflict management, and to lay the foundations for sustainable peace and development,whether peacebuilding applies to all phases of a conflict or only topost-conflict ones; whether the process is primarily political or developmentalin nature; whether it should focus primarily on addressing root causes orshould engage in institution building and/or changing attitudes and behaviours(McCandless & Doe 2007:5–6; McCandless 2008). Research Questions Analysepossible factors that influenced the peacebuilding process in Liberia· Downs and Stedman’sEnding Civil WarsIs Liberia a UN Peacebuilding success?· Call’s Knowing PeaceChallenges of Post-Conflict Peacebuilding by the UN inLiberia· Call’s Knowing Peace· Goldstein’s Winning the war on war BibliographyBarnett, M, Kim H, O’Donnell, Mand Sitea, L 2007. Peacebuilding: what is in a name? Global Governance, 13(1)(January–March). Call, C 2005.Institutionalizing peace: a review of post-conflict concepts and issues forDPA. Consultant report for Policy Planning Unit, UN Department of PoliticalAffairs, 31 January. Liberia 2006.
Breaking with thepast: from conflict to development, In Interim poverty reduction strategy.Republic of Liberia. Doyle, W. M and Sambanis, N2006. Making War and Building Peace. United Nations Peace Operations. PrincetonUniversity Press Princeton and Oxford. Liberia and United NationsDevelopment Programme (UNDP), Liberia 2006.
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