Slaveryhavebeenabolished for centuries now, human trafficking has emerged and is described as the modern-day way of slavery. The practice of selling and enslaving other human being is not something new due to our history. This new epidemic has no borders, no racial or gender preference but is all about making money and that is human trafficking. Human beings are not like drugs and guns that are sold, used once, and the money the seller gets is it. Human trafficking provides a never-ending money-making system. The cost of procuring and maintaining slaves has decreased, and the profits they generate have grown (Androff, 2010). The Traffickers are selling, renting, selling them by the hour this business they have created, which makes them so much money that it surpassed the profits guns, drugs, and any illegal business can obtain.Human traffickers target the most vulnerable, which are typically children and young women and get creative and ruthless in designing tricks and win the confidence of potential victims (U.
S department of state, 2008). Poverty in people’s home country is a big factor in human trafficking because it creates vulnerable people since they become the most willing to do anything to stay afloat or to provide for their families. Economic vulnerability puts individuals at a greater risk for slavery than racial or ethnic differences (Androff, 2010).
Another component that comes into play when people leave their home country is crazy political issues and civil war. This is another issue that contributes to human trafficking because they also cause people to run away and are in danger and open to anyone and everything. So, then women, children, and some men are easily tricked into believing that a better life is waiting for them elsewhere and need the traffickers help to get there. Another element that helps human trafficking is culture. So, with poor families in other countries that are unable to provide education or good living conditions to their children they send them off to live with family members in other countries that can help and provide them with the opportunities they wouldn’t receive at home (U. S department of state, 2008). Some families that have no outside relative send their children to live with non-relatives in hopes of them receiving a better education and coming back home with something valuable to help the family back at home. But when burden gets to be too much for the family hosting these children, or they become greedy, and they often sell the child.
To either make money for themselves or some economic relief from there household.The U.S. law that guides anti-human trafficking efforts, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, as amended (TVPA), states that the purpose of combating human trafficking is to punish traffickers, to protect victims, and to prevent trafficking from occurring (U. S department of state, 2008). It continues to fail by not addressing the root causes of human trafficking—namely, poverty, gendered inequality, global economic policies, ethnic conflicts, and economies in transition (Farrell & Fahy, 2009). This undermines the units combating human trafficking because the system that is there to help is oppressing and making their people vulnerable to coercion and deception.While going through my findings from the survey I conducted, I found that most of the victims were ethnic and were under the age of 34.
At the end of the survey I put three questions that were to tell me how they felt after escaping their traffickers and being in a shelter because a lot of victims that escape on their own are unlikely to seek help or even talk to the police out of fear of the traffickers might do or fear of the authorities, especially if they are in the U.S. illegally.
While this study helped me identify some aspects of human trafficking, many questions are left unanswered about what’s really happening in those organization.