Should
marijuana be legalized on governmental level?

Introduction to
marijuana

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Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug
with an estimated 120 million engrossing it in some form or the other. In India,
marijuana has been historically bound to piety and mysticism .It is called a
drug that helps to achieve “elatedness in the real sense of the word”. In every
corner of this nation people consume and celebrate with charas (hash), alcohol
and weed. People in India consume bhang which is also used to attain
“elatedness in the real sense of the word” on religious festivals. Anyways
people are consuming these drugs then why not legitimate the use of marijuana
which has at least many pros unlike others.

People of today’s generation have forgotten the
healing properties of marijuana. It was widely used for analgesia, antibiotic medicines, and low toxic
medicines, when O’Shaughnessy introduced marijuana in the western world.

History

Most people
refer to marijuana as weed. It is a product of a plant knows as “cannabis
sativa”.  Generally people refer to
cannabis sativa as cannabis hemp. There are many plants which are known as hemp
but cannabis hemp is the most useful of them just because it produces the three
most useful products viz. seed, medicine and pulp. Cannabis sativa do not
require any special climatic condition to grow, it can be planted in the
variety of climatic conditions. (T.H)

Origin
of Cannabis and usage in India

Cannabis
product was first mentioned in the writings of the Chinese emperor Shen Nung.
He mainly focused on the
medication power of cannabis. Intoxicating properties were also mentioned but
medicinal value was considered more important (narconon).Talking about
history of marijuana in India, people have been using it for enjoyment purpose.

 People used
weed legally before 1986 but when brassbound narcotic laws came into effect, it
was next to impossible to use it legally even for medical purpose. These laws
made sale, transportation and consumption of marijuana illicit. As we all know
Indians did not want to ban the sale of marijuana, it was under the peer
pressure of United States because at that time, Rajiv Gandhi wanted to
introduce super computer technology to Indians. It was a deal between India and
US.

Author’s views

Overuse of anything is not good. No drug is
perfectly safe to use if one is overusing it. Every psychoactive drug can
become a problem after limited use. It was obviously an overreaction from the
part of government. The act which forced us to stop the use of marijuana is Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic
Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985). As it has been amended three
times – 1988, 2001 and 2014.

Federal government of America accused marijuana to
be a gateway drug, dramatically more impotent today and is more addictive in
its own rights. But in 1988,
Drug enforcement administration’s own administrative law judge quoted that “marijuana
in its natural form is one of the safest therapeutically active substances
known to man”. If it is the safest substance and has lots of medicinal
value then marijuana should be legalised. A recent study suggests that users of
marijuana has three-fold higher risk of dying from high blood pressure- but
that study was observational, which means a bunch of people were observed and
noticed what happened to them. Hence researches cannot confirm the suggestion
or they cannot infer that smoking marijuana increases the risk of high blood
pressure to three times.

Products of marijuana like hemp oil, bosom lotion
are used to cure cancer tumours but the company which made these products was warned
by F.D.A. to stop manufacturing the products derived from marijuana. But
doctors at the hospitals who are using these products to cure cancer tumours
said that “these products will be 
treated just like other products that make unproven claims to reduce
cancer threat” , and also quoted, “We don’t let
companies market products that deliberately prey on sick people with baseless
claims that their substances can shrink or cure cancer.”

Moreover, overdose of marijuana do
not cause death. Although in 2017, two doctors in Colorado claimed first ever
known death of an eleven year old due to marijuana overdose. They could not
find any other reason for the death of an eleven year old. They found THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)
in his urine and blood. Irony is- people have been using marijuana since 2727
B.C. but they claimed first death due to marijuana overdose in 2017. This
infers that marijuana smokers smokes only a fraction of what heavy cigarette
smokers smoke and that is why lung cancer is very rare due to marijuana
overdose.

Furthermore, marijuana may be a
least addictive and problematic of all the psychoactive drugs, many of which
are now legal. Adding on, people who smoke marijuana do not show violent and
hasty sexual behaviour.

Adding up all the above arguments
and the medicinal value of marijuana, I think that marijuana should be
legalised on the governmental level.

Pros
of marijuana

The medical aspect

India issued first cannabis grow
license on August 18, 2017. The official license holder is the Council of Scientific and Medical Research (CSIR).
The council will work with Bombay Hemp Company (BOHECO). Although, BOHECO will produce
medicines with high-CBD variety. CBD is the product of cannabis plant which
itself is banned in India because of another product it produces known as
tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) because studies from USA and Europe suggests that
all the physcoactive activities comes from THC while medicinal value is
contained in CBD. It was an erroneous idea that THC has no medicinal value and
it will only lead to spreading of addiction at an alarming rate. And this will
postpone the legalization of marijuana for decades.