Introduction to pollution in chinaAir is a part of all of our lives. Without clean air, nothing we know ofcan exist. The debate over clean air, it’s regulations, their teammates andopposition, and the economic factors coming into play into this ever-morerecognizable problem is a widespread and ever more controversial one. Likea long countdown to eventual disaster, the pollution effecting our worldhas no doubt made increasingly more impact on our daily lives, and hasincreased the intensity on Washington and other countries to solve theproblem.
The Clean Air act is a step in the right direction, but with everyanswer their comes two questions and likewise more and more people takingsides. There have been long debates not over the effectiveness of suchregulations, but the lack of opportunity such regulations and deregulationsprovide for other companies. Global warming has increased the tension overthe economics of cleaner air, but with little the government can do tolimit the use of cars, the production of necessary coal-fired power plantsand other such human resources, the topic just turns into another fog fordebate and argument over stricter regulations and the impeached right thesesources have to operate.
The continual power struggle of such economic andsocial issues and the debate over the effectiveness of stricter, present ormore lenient regulations has turned into a smorgasboard of precticalsolutions, with opponents quickly changing minds and becoming supportersand vice-versa.The expenditure of about 20 billion on the part of companies since 1990 toclean up such hazardous pollutants as cars, factories, and thousands ofother measures have reaped about 400 billion in saved hospital costs, lostworkdays, reduced productivity,and other conditions while at the same time theoretically helping to reducesmog and pollution. The findings of a report on experiments done for theClean Air act waspassed into law in 1970. The Enviornmental Protection Agency has recentlycome under attack by critics however, and Washington has threatened to cutthe agencies’ budget citing high costs of enviornmental legislation, evenwhile their is solid proof that the agencies’ measures are paying off.
Congress is skeptical of reports that the whole system is reaping morebenefits on the enviorment than the whole operation actually costs.Economically, the Clean Air Act is definitly sound and good for theeconomy. For example, American fishermen average $24 billion a year inexpenditures and ultimately generate $69 billion yearly for the economy.Moreover, the average American worker recieves $20 in value in reducedrisks of death, illness, and other adverse effects for every dollar spentto control air pollution. All in all, the country spent roughly $436billion enforcing clean air regulations, and gained about $6.
8 trillion inbenefits in 1990. The amounts of harmful chemicals and pollutants in theair has also found to be dramatically reduced since 1970. 40 percent ofsulfer dioxide in the air has been reduced, as well as 30 percent ofnitrous oxide, and 50 percent of carbon monoxide.As well as air, the EPA has produced results in protecting our nation’swaterways. For example, the Clean Water Act, which passed in 1972, hassince given states grants of $66 million to help install water sewagetreatment plants. They also found that the act has required the industry toinstall tens of billions of dollars of anti-polltion technology. The effecton the liquid industry has been enormous.
Boating sales generate $14billion alone while fishermen produce $3 million, and the nation spends anestimated $35 million anually for fish.Water pollution in chinaWastewater pollution has always been a major problem throughout the world.The lack of suitable water used for drinking, agriculture, farming, etc.has declined through the years. With a shortage of water throughout theworld, proper methods of treating and recycling water is the key goal insustaining our limited water resource supply. Geographically speaking, thewastewater pollution within China has affected the environment, society,and agriculture. The water pollution crisis in China has brought up anissue of efficient wastewater treatment methods to help alleviate theirproblems.
Throughout this paper, we will discuss the topics on the effectsof wastewater pollution towards the environment and the society (healthfactors, agriculture, economic impacts, etc).The lack of clean water has always been an issue of environmental concernall over the world. This environmental issue is mainly stressed indeveloping countries today. The main sources of water pollution are:industrial (chemical, organic, and thermal wastes), municipal (largelysewage consisting of human wastes, other organic wastes, and detergents),and agricultural (animal wastes, pesticides, and fertilizers) (Broweret.al, 1990). For the past several years, China has been affected with thewater pollution crisis.
Three examples of wastewater pollution crisis inChina are the City of Tianjin, the Chao Lakes and Xian City.