Paradigm AnalysisDefinition the process of dividing anything complex intosimple elements or components; it is the systematic separation of a whole into parts, pieces, or sections.Characteristics Pattern One IntroductionCharacteristic 1Characteristic 2Characteristic 3SummaryPattern Two Introduction Cluster of features 1Cluster of features 2Cluster of features 3 SummaryQuestions asked 1. What are its pieces, parts, or sections?2. How may they logically be divided?Key words characteristics, feature, aspect, division into parts,section, sector, segment, element, member, component, constituent, portion, fraction, fragment, particle, entity, trait, particular, part,subdivision, unit, piece, detail, ingredientMore key words whole, resolve, collectiveness, break up, aggregate,embody, mass, analyze, entirety, dissect, embodiment, compose, bulk, distinguish, totality, separate, unity, constitute, sum, partitionAmazedEvery time our eyes meetThis feeling inside meIs almost when you touch meI can feel how much you love meAnd it just blows me awayI’ve never been this close to anyone or anythingI can hear your thoughtsI can see your dreamsI don’t know how you do what you doI’m so in love with you, it just keeps getting betterI wanna spend the rest of my life with you by my sideForever and everEvery little thing that you doBaby I’m amazed by youThe smell of your skinThe taste of your kissThe way you whisper in the darkYour hair all around me, baby you surround meYou touch every place in my heartOh, it feels like the first time every timeI wanna spent the whole night in your eyesI don’t know how you do what you doI’m so in love with you, it just keeps getting betterI wanna spend the rest of my life with you by my sideForever and everEvery little thing that you doBaby I’m amazed by youEvery little thing that you doI’m so in love with youIt just keeps getting betterI wanna spend the rest of my life with you by my sideForever and everEvery little thing that you doOh, every little thing that you doBaby I’m amazed by you more than I can takeBabySample ParagraphThis poem is actually a song. This song means that someone has found true love. The feeling that the person describes is talking about love. This feeling is the greatest feeling in the world.
To feel love in your heart that is all a person could need to be happy. This poem just really means a lot if a person actually reads it and feels what the poet is actually saying..Paradigm Cause/EffectDefinition Cause- a cause is a force or influence that produces an effect; it is an agency or operation responsible for bringing about an action, event, condition or result.Effect- a effect is anything that has been caused; it is something worked out, accomplished, or produced. Characteristics Pattern One IntroductionCause EffectEffectSummaryPattern Two IntroductionCauseCauseEffectSummaryPattern Three IntroductionEffectCauseCauseSummaryPattern Four IntroductionEffect EffectCauseSummaryQuestions asked 1. What is its purpose?2.
Why did it happen?3. What are its causes?4. What are its effects?5. How is it related causally to something else?Key words Cause- origin, principle, agent, mover, influence, source, author, instrument, foundation, font, first, producer, prime, support, geneses, rational, intention, the straw that broke the camels backEffect- consequence, result, outcome, performance, handiwork, derivation, development, offshoot, outgrowth, end, production, creation, harvest, issueBoth- cause, accomplish, make possible, thus, because, owing to, by means of, consequently, accordingly, bring about, follow from, result from, since, if, then, as a result, an account of, by the agency of, for this reason, produce, effect, do to, therefore, in effect, originate Sample ParagraphThe main cause for water pollution would have to be from big factories and corporations. They will drain off all of there nasty pollutants into rivers and streams. These rivers and streams will then flow into major lakes and rivers and eventually into the oceans.
This cause is ridiculous and should not even happen. All it is, is a bunch of factories that are to lazy to clean all this junk their selves, so instead they dump the waste into the small streams thinking that nothing will happen. Paradigm ClassificationDefinition process of grouping similar ideas or objects, the systematic arrangement of things into classes on the basis of shared characteristicsCharacteristicsPattern One Introduction (thesis + map)Type 1Type 2Type 3SummaryQuestions asked 1. What are its types?2. What are its basic categories?Key words kinds, sorts, types, classes, varieties, categories, sources, orders, clusters, groups, classify, compile, a symbol, string together, collectSample ParagraphThe people in English 111-01 look and dressed various ways. The day this assignment was made the writer was not there, therefore making him have to write about previous days he has been there. There are always more women in the class than men. Usually some women about three or four are bummed out in there clothing.
Meaning that they dress down. Then there is about four or five GQ girls in class. Meaning that they are all pretty looking.
They guys always dress different also. There is always at least one person wearing a hat. Then there is always one guy who is wearing nice clothes, and the rest always dress casual. There is a cluster of the same people in our class, yet there is variety of people who dress different. Paradigm Compare/ContrastDefinition discovering the similarities and differences between two or more ideas, objects, or events.
CharacteristicsPattern One (half + half) Introduction (thesis + map)Subject 1Characteristic 1Characteristic 2Characteristic 3,4,5Subject 2Characteristic 1Characteristic 2Characteristic 3,4,5SummaryPattern Two (characteristics) Introduction (thesis + map)Characteristic 1Subject 1Subject 2Characteristic 2Subject 1Subject 2Characteristics 3,4,5Subject 1Subject 2SummaryQuestions asked 1. What is it like?2. How is it similar to other things3. How does it differ from other things?Key words Compare–similar to, like, correspond to, resemble, as, in like matter, likewise,similarlyContrast–differ from, however, in contrast to, on the other hand, on the contrary,in opposition to, after all, at the same time, for all that, notwithstanding, otherwise, nevertheless, less than,more than, unlike, although, and yet,but, in spite of, stillSample ParagraphYouth and age, there are so many similarities and differences within both of them. Youth is the great experience of ones life, a time to be carefree, do anything, have no regrets, and find what you enjoy. Age comes with wisdom and knowledge, along with different taste than before as well as the same. A few of these compare and contrast within youth and age will be given in this essay.Paradigm DefinitionDefinition setting bounds or limits to a thing, or idea, to state its essential nature, a kind of abstract description.
CharacteristicsPattern One Extended DefinitionIntroduction (includes thesis and map)Meaning 1 (partial definition of key term)Meaning 2 (partial definition of key term)Meaning 3 (partial definition of key term)Meaning 4, 5, 6Summary/ConclusionPattern Two Extended DefinitionIntroduction (includes thesis and map)Expansion of genus, species, or etymologyExpansion of the differentialSummary/ConclusionPattern Three Extended Definition Introduction (includes thesis and map, logical definition)Supporting detailsSupporting detailsSupporting detailsSummary/ConclusionQuestions asked 1. What does it mean?2. What is its genus?3.
What is its species?4. What is its etymology?Key words define , strictly speaking, interpretation, explain, particulars, literal, specify, in other words, synonym, limit, denotation, paraphrase, clarify, meaning, explanatoryMethods of defining1. Logical definition (put the word to be defined into a class and then differentiate it from other members of the same class)Term Class Differentiation Flextime work schedule employees choose own hours2. Synonym (substitute a word or phrase for an equivalent word or phrase) A jock is an athlete.3. Etymology (trace the origin and historical development of the word, including and change in its form or meaning)What does the word lucid mean? This word comes from the Latin word lux, lucis, which means light. If you shed light on an idea, it is made clear.4.
Dictionary definitions5. Stipulation (using a definition different from the conventional one, or a definition that makes clear that it will explore a particular area of meaning of a term)“When I use a word,” Humpty Dumpty said scornfully, “it means just what I choose it to mean, neither more nor less.” We do not have that luxury.6. Negation (what a word is not). In discussing euthanasia, a writer might say, “By euthanasia I do not mean active intervention to hasten the death of the patient.
”7. Examples (both real and hypothetical ones may be used to bring to light abstract and ambiguous terms)Insanity is a word that has been used and misused to describe a variety of conditions.8. Extended definition (referring not to length but to the variety of methods for developing the definition.)Materialism may be best described by using a longer more detailed definition. Sample ParagraphParadigm DescriptionDefinition a way of picturing images verbally in writing and of arranging these images in some kind of logical or associational patternCharacteristicsPattern One Introduction (including theses)Descriptive feature 1 (plus supporting details)Descriptive feature 2 (plus supporting details)Descriptive feature 3 (plus supporting details)Summary (including clincher sentence)Pattern Two Introduction (including thesis)Cluster of descriptive detailsCluster of descriptive detailsCluster of descriptive detailsSummary (including clincher sentence)Questions asked 1. What are its constituent parts?2. What are its features or physical characteristics?3.
How is it organized in space?Key words Shape/size – great, little, large, small, solid, leaf-shaped, rectangle, stalk-shaped, full, tall, round, shallow, fat, bunches, squat, blocks, pyramid, parallelColor – brown, red, yellow, green, purple,gold, silver, orange, peppered, darkcherry, chocolate. Texture – creased, sprigs, stripped, frill,peeled, grated, crust, glass, cutSight – spiral, star-shaped, tubularTaste – sweet, salty, sour, bitter, corrosive, rough,smooth, soft, crisp, cool and warmSmell – pungent, tart, sour, rancid, musky, floralSound – shrill, piecing, screech, moan, groanSpatial orderVertical (bottom to top, top to bottom)Horizontal (left to right, right to left)Depth (inside, outside)Circular (clockwise, counterclockwise) Sample ParagraphEnglish 111-01 looks like any ordinary classroom. This room is always quite all the time.
With eight rows on two sides of the room it can pretty full of people at times. Today there are only sixteen people in class. Guess a person could say not everyone came to class today. The first day of class everyone was here. Now, tow days later, only half the class is in attendance. With only half the people here, it lets a person have a chance to look around the room a little to see what is in here. There is of course a chalkboard in the front of the class along with two bulletin boards, one on each side.
Also there is a podium in the front facing the sixteen tables. The class is quite boring in looks. Not much to it, but it is only a classroom. It will be a fun class though, that is why it is English 111-01. I like our teacher as well. Dr. Hayes talks about his grandkids all the time.
This shows the class that he is a caring person and a very lovable, a great quality to have for a teacher. Most often people do not find good quality teachers such as Dr. Hayes, or as others prefer, Richard.
Yes, this class will be a wondrous adventure.Paradigm ProcessDefinition a series of actions, changes, functions, steps, or operations that bring about a particular end or result.CharacteristicsPattern One IntroductionStep 1 (or phase 1)Step 2 (or phase 2)Step 3 (or phase 3)SummaryQuestions asked 1. How did it happen?2. How does it work?3.
How do you make it or do it?4. What are its stages or phases?Key words phase, occurrence, step, change, alteration, mutation, state, condition, conversion, displacement, transformation, fluctuation, inconstancy, inversion, permutation, modulation, qualification, metamorphosis Sample paragraph The process of changing your bedspread is a very important part of one’s life. Why would someone want to sleep in dirty sheets? They would not so there for this is how a person can change and wash their sheets.
Step one, strip the bed clean of all sheets. Step two, bring the sheets to the washing machine for cleansing. After the sheets are fully washed, displace them and place them into the dryer. This step is vital to the process.
A person cannot go through this whole transformation without completing the dryer stage. Phase three of this process requires a person to take the sheets out of the dryer and put them back onto the bed neatly and nicely. The only way this series will be complete is if the sheets are then put back onto the bed. After the third phase is completed the transformation of dirty to clean sheets is complete.
Congratulations!Paradigm EnumerationDefinition is concerned with the sequential arrangement of successive things: a group of objects, events, or ideas, generally following each other in the order of time in which they occur.Characteristics Pattern One IntroductionFirst (the first one)Second (the second two)Third (the third three)SummaryQuestions asked What is the logical order?What is the exact number?Key words number, order, series, succession, progression, string, chain, set, sequel, sequence, list, item, catalog, tally, analyses, to count, to catalog, to number, to enumerate, to itemize Sample Paragraph The process of changing your bedspread is a very important part of one’s life. Why would someone want to sleep in dirty sheets? They would not so there for this is how a person can change and wash their sheets.
Step one, strip the bed clean of all sheets. Step two, bring the sheets to the washing machine for cleansing. After the sheets are fully washed, displace them and place them into the dryer. This step is vital to the process. A person cannot go through this whole transformation without completing the dryer stage. Phase three of this process requires a person to take the sheets out of the dryer and put them back onto the bed neatly and nicely. The only way this series will be complete is if the sheets are then put back onto the bed.
After the third phase is completed the transformation of dirty to clean sheets is complete. Congratulations!Music