Norm can be referred as behaviour
of social expectation and it can be a type of principles, rules, guidelines and
customs to regulate behaviour or mind of society or particular group of people. It differs dramatically in the society,
from one to another.
Norms can be standards of behaviour in the society such as
codes, laws or mores. These are considered more formal and even enforced by an
official agency. Violating it may have serious consequences. Norms can be
folkways and customs as well. These are the standard of behaviour that people follow
every day and they have been doing for a long time. It is considered less
important but still people are influenced by it.
Considering that norms differ in different cultures, it is
undeniable that each country will has their own unique norms. There will be some
good evidence for cultural variation comes from studies of sociologists. To
give an instance, studies of table etiquette from different countries show some
interesting view relating to norms. In Western cultures, holding bowl while
eating is considered as a rude manner whereas Japanese cultures is totally fine
with holding or lifting up the bowl while having a meal. Moreover, in Western cultures,
slurping the noodle while eating is an awkward behaviour. But in contrast, it
is totally fine if you slurp the noodle. In fact, it shows a table manner that they
are enjoying the food.
As another example, other evidence comes from the studies of
tipping cultures. In some Europe countries such as United States and United
Kingdom, tipping service is no longer a rare case. People tip as the legal
wages for waiters or waitress are much lower than usual, it also encourages them
to provide better service. Typically, people will tip in restaurant, cab
service, special request from concierge and so on. On the other hand, in most
of Asian countries, They do not require tipping service as the tip is usually
included in the bill as service charges. In fact, tipping service is considered
as impolite manner especially in Japan.