Most people have their own perception of global
warming. What is clear is that most have a very vague idea of what global
warming is, only thinking along the line of rising temperature, ozone layer and
perhaps about deforestation.  But what is
actually Global Warming?

Global warming can be defined as a continuous
increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere as a whole, generally
associated with greenhouse effect cause by increased levels of carbon dioxide
and other contaminants. Global warming also referred to climate change,
concerning the rise in the average temperature of the earth’s climate system. Climate
change is changes in Earth’s temperature, humidity, wind, air pressure and

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As a global citizen, it is important for all of
us to obtain awareness about global warming so that it is taken seriously. The
knowledge we gained can then be used in helping to lessen the effects of global

In this essay I will talk through some of the
things that we and the global community can do to help reduce global warming. I
will also bring forth three effective measures in controlling the situation.





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According to Boh (2017), the global increase in temperature has been much
lower, at 0.12 deg C per decade over the same period.

In fact, the annual mean temperature here last year
was 28.4 deg C, close to 1 deg C above the 1981 to 2010 average – making 2016
the hottest year on record.


As stated on BBC (2017), The
greenhouse effect refers to the way the Earth’s atmosphere traps some of the
energy from the Sun. Solar energy radiating back out to space from the Earth’s
surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases and re-emitted in all

The energy that radiates back down to the planet heats
both the lower atmosphere and the surface. Without this effect, the Earth would
be about 30C colder, making our planet hostile to life. (







According to NASA website, (, global warming is usually rapid increase in
Earth’s average surface temparature over the past century primarily due to the
surface temperature rose 0.6 to 0.9 Celcius (1.1 to 1.6 F) between the last 50
years. Temperature are certain to go up furture.

And according to the Global
Greenhouse website, (

Global warming is caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect. An increase in the
concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere leads to an increase in the amount of infrared or
thermal radiation near the surface. Most scientists agree that the enhanced
greenhouse effect is leading to rising temperatures, referred to as global
warming, and other changes in the atmospheric environment, known as climate
change (a term that in common usage also includes natural changes)

Effects on Global Warming

Global warming and climate change refer to an increase
in average global temperatures. Natural events and human activities are
believed to be contributing to an increase in average global temperatures. This
is caused primarily by increases in “greenhouse” gases such as Carbon Dioxide
(CO2). (


Today, there is widespread concern that the ozone layer is deteriorating
due to the release of pollution containing the chemicals chlorine and bromine.

Such deterioration allows large amounts of ultraviolet B rays to reach Earth,
which can cause skin cancer and cataracts in humans and harm animals as well.(


A study by the World Bank warned that global
warming could elevate levels of disease, ravage crops and push 100 million more
people into poverty. It added that a worse-case
scenario of a 4 deg C rise in temperatures could particularly affect China.

Some 145 million people live in Chinese cities and coastal areas that would
eventually become part of the ocean if temperatures climb that much. Four of
the 10 most affected megacities – Shanghai, Tianjin, Hong Kong and Taizhou –
would be underwate

Measures of Global Warming

are three measures that we can take to control Global warming. They are namely
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle (3RS), Deforeststation, Government Policy.


Reuse Recycle

Over the last forty-five years, Singapore has gone through a period of
rapid industrialization and urbanization, coupled with high economic growth.

This development has led to a six-fold increase in disposal waste from
the 1970s; from 1,200 tonnes per day in the seventies to 7,202 tonnes per day
by 2009. (Lian Yong & Savage, 2014)



Reduce : We could rent, borrow items that are used infrequently
instead of buying them. Stop buying stuff that we do not need. Stop throwing
away things that are old, but still usable. Donate them instead of throwing it
because other people might still use it.


Reuse : We should use reusable
products instead of disposable, For example buy products with minimal
packaging. This reduce costs and waste. Using reusable products that could last
longer than disposable products will help you to stop wasting and keep throwing
away after using it only once. We should start using disposable with reusable
products. We could rent, borrow items that are used infrequently instead of
buying them.


Recycle : According to Huffstetler (2017), Recycling
aluminum cans and scrap metal can bring in a fair amount of money in large
volumes. So instead of throwing away cans, metals, we could recycle it. It
brings benefit to the world and also save some pocket money. (



Reduce Deforeststation

Based on Bradford (2015), Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in
order to make the land available for other uses. An estimated 18 million acres
(7.3 million hectares) of forest, which is roughly the size of the country of
Panama, are lost each year, according to the United Nations’ Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO). (



We should reduce
deforestation because

As stated on, (  Deforestation can have a negative impact on
the environment. The most dramatic impact is a loss of habitat for millions of
species. Eighty percent of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the
deforestation that destroys their homes.

Conclusion : by following finland’s regulations
it is hoped that we can control global warming to a certain degree.