The historiography and various phases of the Industrial Revolution were
very important. Population increase and the expansion of capital, credit and
commerce were one of the phases. The role of entrepreneurs, workers and
inventions in boosting production were another phase. Textiles, coal, transport
and public services started becoming of value to people. The social consequences
included women and children working in factories and mines. Hard living
conditions, crowded rooms, and many diseases.

There were many positive effects, new inventions, that helped made
living comfortable, and saved many lives. A vaccination was created saving many
lives, telephones helped people to communicate, light bulbs gave light at night
and when rain was falling. As people needed employment, they traveled to London
to find work, which caused the population to increase. Developers built multi
story building(apartments), and row houses making streets less crowded, and gave
the people a newfound wealth and security. Steam engines made it easy to
transport goods, the cotton gin made it easier to clean cotton, and made more
money. Then technical schools began to develop, helping young people finish
grammar school. Women also started working, they were very obedient and men
started giving them more respect.

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Along with positive, were also negative. Most people worked twelve to
fourteen hours a day, six days a week, they had to pay constant attention to the
machines and risked losing limbs in the machines. Child labor was another
problem, they usually worked from 6 am to 7 p.m., getting paid only 10 percent
wages of men to children. They would be severely beaten, and usually was
deformed from machines. Many working-class children were not able to attend
schools, because they couldn’t afford clothes. Women usually spent long hours
away from home and were unable to take care of children. They usually had a
deformed chest or rib from the machines, and sometimes their hair and long skirt
were caught in the machines. Some people had to work in mines, the mines were
damp and ark, workers risked suffocation from the dust and drowning from
underground floods. As population grew, people moved into urban areas. This was
a very big problem, crimes and diseases increased, sometimes twenty families had
to share the same toilets and water pumps.

The industrial revolution had many problems, but here are some solutions
I would propose. I would have limited work, better wages, and more windows, the
people sometimes got lung cancer and suffocated from too much smoke. The
children, well, I would probably say they couldn’t work until they were 11 or 12,
but if they had to work before 11 or 12 I would give them less hours and more
breaks. For women, better pay and hours. In the coal mines, they should’ve
built better support, and at least warn the people of explosions. Schools
should’ve been built for poor children and paid by the government. More houses
built and trees cut.
Category: Social Issues