Listening is one of the most vital skills in learning English.
Many learners consider that listening skills is a measure to evaluate knowledgeable about English language. Ahmadi and Gilakjani (2011) emphasized that listening is an essential position in the communication process. If we lack listening ability, we can not join or maintain a conversation, according to Chris (2014). Therefore, communication and language achievement heavily rely on listening skills. However, learners cope with a lot of problems when they listen to English language, which may affect to losing motivation in learning other skills. What makes it so difficult? Many research have been conducted in order that point to obstacles that students often encounter in listening English. Ahmed (2015) who is a teacher at the British Council in Bangladesh stated that there are many factors impact on understanding a second language.
The listener’s own strategies, the teacher and even the circumstances can cause challenges for English language learners. Thus, this paper, with the aim to help learners improve in their listening skills will discuss the elements that affect to listening ability and effective measures to advance in learning listening English. 2. Discussions of findings2.
1. What is the concept of listening skills?The concept of listening skills has been defined by many researchers. Listening skills are defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “The ability to pay attention to and effectively interpret what other people are saying.
” In other words, listening skills is an active action of acquiring and responding what the speaker says, Nordquist (2017). According to Onno (2015), listening is not understood in a simple way and it is not same as hearing. He indicated that hearing is just the sounds that you hear, while listening skills require than that: it requires pay attention to other people who are conveying. Moreover, according to Nordquist’s study, English listening skills is not merely concentration on what others are speaking. It consists of four process: sensing, understanding and explaining, keeping in mind, and responding. 2.2.
How is the importance of listening skills? L?ng nghe có m?t vai trò quan tr?ng trong cu?c s?ng hàng ngày vì nó là r?t quan tr?ng cho m?i ng??i ?? ??t ???c truy?n thông hi?u qu?. Rachel Naomi Remen là tác gi? c?a cu?n sách tuy?t v?i “Kitchen Table Wisdom” ?ã nh?n m?nh r?ng ch? c?n l?ng nghe, chúng ta có th? k?t n?i v?i m?t ng??i khác. Khi ng??i h?c t?p trung chú ý vào cu?c nói chuy?n mà nh?ng ng??i khác ?ang nói, h? có th? hi?u nh?ng gì ng??i khác ?ang c? g?ng di?n ??t. N?u h?c viên có k? n?ng nghe ti?ng Anh t?t, h? s? tích c?c h?n ?? ki?m soát cu?c trò chuy?n. Do ?ó, k? n?ng nghe là cây c?u có th? k?t n?i trí tu? c?a ng??i h?c v?i nhau. Ngoài ra, ?ây là k? n?ng ???c s? d?ng nhi?u nh?t b?ng ti?ng Anh, theo Nick. Nh?n m?nh t?m quan tr?ng c?a k? n?ng nghe, Meldenson (1994) ch? ra r?ng nghe chi?m 45 ph?n tr?m th?i gian mà m?i ng??i dành cho vi?c giao ti?p.
Trong khi ?ó, L?ng nghe có v? trí quan tr?ng không ch? trong giao ti?p trong cu?c s?ng hàng ngày mà còn trong các tình hu?ng h?c t?p. Nhi?u ng??i h?c tin r?ng h? có th? vi?t và nói ???c ti?ng Anh khi h? có nhi?u t?, ng? pháp; tuy nhiên, n?u h?c sinh b? h?n ch? trong k? n?ng nghe, h? s? không giao ti?p hi?u qu?. L?ng nghe