Large percentages ofadolescents and emerging adults between the ages of 15-24 years, who fall underthe initial age for female reproduction in Africa as a whole, are increasinglysexually active and at high risks of contracting STDs.A daily estimate ofapproximately 1500 children become HIV infected worldwide, of which more than90% have been infected through Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT).STDAwareness and Sexual Conducts amongst AdolescentsThe level of awarenessabout STDs and the variety of sexual risk conducts involved in by the youth inAfrica and other countries have been studied and recorded quite broadly.Studies of this occurrences differs by concepts employed to describe levels ofawareness and by the variety of sexual risk conducts being studied. Severalframeworks have been construed in an endeavor to explain why specific variablesappear to affect sexual conducts equally positive and negative, and whyopposing stages of sexual conducts occur, separately. The conglomeration ofthese theoretical approaches into an integrated network has providedresearchers the ability to analyze data from overreaching variables affectingadolescent sexual behavior and social phenomena as well as a provision of ablueprint for future researchers, enabling them to further examine the effectsof proximal variables in different population subgroups (Guilamo-Ramos et al.
,2008).Social learning theory isbased on the premise that behavior is imitated by observation and modeling ormimicking and is influenced both cognitively and environmentally (Bandura &McDonald, 1963). Oppositely, the theory of reasoned action assumes thatbehavior is controlled by the intention to perform the behavior and isinfluenced by personal attitudes and perceived societal norms (Busse, Fishbein,Bleakley, & Hennessy, 2010).
Correspondingly, subjective culture theory isa theoretical approach framed by human intragroup interactions based onbeliefs, attitudes, norms, and roles within each respective group and how theyrelate and interact with one another (Triandis & Malpass, 1970) and is similarto self-regulation theory that defines human behavior as flexible and impressionable.Self-regulation theory assumes that humans can control urges and subdue them atwill, and this can occur in line with social norms, ideals, and regulations inhopes to achieve a more favorable response or behavior (Baumeister & Vohs,2007).