It is no secret thatwomen face different healthcare challenges then their male counterparts, oftentime female correctional institutions have the exact same medical model as malefacilities which has led to come displeasure amongst the female prisonpopulation.
In a survey conducted by Harner and Riley (2013), a betterunderstanding of inmate’s perceptions of how being incarcerated affected theirphysical health is explored. Researchers asked the inmates one question: howhas being incarcerated effected affected your mental and physical health. Themethod used in this study was survey given in the dayroom of a a maximum-securitywomen’s prison using volunteer participants. The sample consisted of 65 women,majority were white (62 percent) ranging from ages 23-46. Participants weregiven open ended questions to encourage the ladies to elaborate more on theirthought and feelings. Results found that women shared majority of negativephysical health due to the lack of partial physical activities, nutrition’s andfirst hand/second hand smoking in prison.
Inmates went on to describe storiesof how often they must beg to receive medical attention because thecorrectional staff think they are just crying wolf. Furthermore, many womencomplained about co-payments being too burdensome especially since they aren’tpaid enough to cover the cost for prescriptions. Authors noted severallimitations in their study, since the participants weren’t a random sample andwere volunteers, researchers believe that women with negative health relatedexperiences had a greater chance of participating in the survey. Also, sincethe study consisted of primarily self-reports there is no way to validate theseencounters. Lastly, authors note that some inmates come have been so physicallyill that they were unable to contribute to this study. Morgan, K.
D. (2013).Issues in Female Inmate Health: Results from a Southeastern State. Women & Criminal Justice, 23(2),121-142. When conceptualizing the perceptionof female inmates’ attitudes toward healthcare in facilities they are houseversus healthcare they received outside of prison. Morgan (2013) continuedresearch on this subject by surveying a southwestern prison. Morgan asked threeresearch questions: (1) Is there a correlation between inmates’ preexistingconditions and treatment prior to prison and their overall satisfaction withtreatment and prison and health care services.
(2) is there a connectionbetween the use of prison services and satisfaction with those services. (3)whatwas female inmates’ perceptions of medical services and the care that theyreceived. Data was collected for this survey through a self-reportquestionnaire given to newly released inmates from Alabama Department ofCorrections who were being housed in a reentry program. The sample sizeconsisted of 106 females, Majority (75%) were white, and the other 25 percentwere black.
The average age of participants was 32 and almost half wereemployed and divorced. The dependent variable for this survey was theparticipants response to their overall satisfaction with healthcare services,whereas the independent variables consisted of various measures: preexistingmental and physical health, demographics, physical health diagnoses and otherissues related to treatment. Further, participants showed dissatisfaction withmedical services that they received while imprisoned. According to the results,over half (58%) reported that the treatment received was inadequate in relationto issues like understaffing, the inability to access medical services, and theuse of policies that put inmates at risk for underprivileged health consequences.On the other hand, 44 percent reported that the treatment was adequate to theirstandards. Morgan noted one limitations in the information, the data wascollected in one state prison institution, so it may not be generalizable toother state institutions.