Stage one of this graded unit will consists of an action
plan. It will identify the topic area, the development rationale, the aim and
objectives. Identifying relevant theories in line with numeracy though active
learning and linking to relevant legislation, initiatives and/or guidelines.

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Unambiguous Aim

show the benefits that can be achieved with numeracy though active learning,
highlighting some of the difficulties that can be associated with this approach
and discuss the arguments for and against this method of learning.


rationale behind this topic comes from both a professional and personal aspect.
Professional being, why have schools only recently adapted to this method of
teaching as this theory have been apparent for centuries, dating back as far as
Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) The personal rationale comes from my own opinion
on this method of learning. As a mother of a 4-year-old that will be attending
a primary school with this learning approach compared to my own personal
experience from being at primary school where structure was the primary focus.


Objectives are:

carryout various questionnaires to staff,
parents and of course the children that will be tailored to their

Looking at previous years reports to determine
if there is a significant difference which lead to the decision to change their
style of learning.

My primary research will take form of 6
activities being carried out with a core group of children.

Observations of the children’s free floor


Research methods

obtain the information that I will need to carry out my research I am planning
on issuing the core group children friendly questionnaires that will reflect on
their enjoyment and learning of numeracy activities planned which will conform
with the current class topic and curriculum set out again linking back to this
topic of numeracy through active learning. The children’s parents will also be
issued with a questionnaire which will be written in a parent friendly language
to ensure it is easily understood. This will provide me with qualitative
research as it will be the personal views of the the child and parent. On a
more professional level I will be asking the staff of my placement their
opinions on active learning and what if they do/do not have any concerns with
this method of teaching. I will access children’s progress reports to determine
if there has been improvement regarding numeracy. Observations within my
placement of children’s free play to establish my findings on whether the
children are using their own time to learn numeracy

with the primary research carried out I feel that secondary research will have
influence my reporting as looking at previous research will expand on my
knowledge with regards to the importance of active learning.

information gathered will be a mixture of qualitative and quantitative to
ensure I give a full view on numeracy through active learning.

Relevant theorists

I will
be focusing on two theorists to show my knowledge and understanding of the
important of active learning in relation to numeracy. Those theories being that
of Jerome Bruner who believed that ‘when children start to learn new concepts
they need help from their teachers and other adults in the form of active
support’ (Wheeler, 2017) The other theory that
I will focus on is Jean Piaget who believed that ‘children are not able to
undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so’ (Suzanne,
this then created his theory of the 4 stages of cognitive development. Both
theorists believed that cognitive development took place in stages. I feel
there is a contrast to both theorists. Bruner place a larger focus on adult
participation in the learning process although both theories consider children
active participation in the process. Linking in with my aim of this
investigation to show the benefits that can be achieved with active learning or
should there be a focus on adult participation in regard to numeracy.

National initiatives and guidelines

my research I will be looking at relevant national initiatives and guildlines
as these are a fundamental part of our education system today. They are in
place to ensure children and young people are given the best possible start in
life. Regarding my topic of numeracy through active learning I found that the
play strategy Scotland initiative was very relevant1. In relation to that I
also found that in terms of giving our children the best possible start in life
we must look at how do we help to close the attainment gap2 as this is a fundamental
goal to become a better society all round which will massively benefit our
generation as they get older.

Children’s needs, rights and interests

article 31 from UNCRC states that ‘children and young people have the right to
have fun in the way they want to, whether by playing sports, watching films, or
something else entirely. They have a right to rest too. (Scotland, nd)

I am investigating active learning which is play based learning, the rights of
the children and young people will have a profound effect on my finding as this
relates to Children (Scotland) Act 1995. Due to my establishment being child
centred within their learning, I will be looking at the effects of having this
method of learning in regard to numeracy. Making maths count3 was a document that was
interesting to show ways of combating issues with numeracy and self-confidence
as this seems to be an issue in numeracy education.


regards to my timescale I plan on trying to have a balance workload so as not
to be overwhelmed at any stage of this process4



Scotland, C. (nd). Article 31 . Retrieved
from CYPCS:
Suzanne, W. (2016, nd nd). Piaget’s theory of cognitive
development. Retrieved from my tutor:
Wheeler, S. (2017, November 28th ). Learning Theories:
Jerome Bruner On the Scaffolding of learning. Retrieved from Teach

Learning Theories: Jerome Bruner On The Scaffolding Of Learning


Appendix 4 – Literacy review on Play strategy

Appendix 5 – Literacy review on Attainment Gap

Appendix 6 – Literacy review on Making maths count

Appendix 7 – Timescale