IntroductionStage one of this graded unit will consists of an actionplan. It will identify the topic area, the development rationale, the aim andobjectives. Identifying relevant theories in line with numeracy though activelearning and linking to relevant legislation, initiatives and/or guidelines.
Unambiguous Aim Toshow the benefits that can be achieved with numeracy though active learning,highlighting some of the difficulties that can be associated with this approachand discuss the arguments for and against this method of learning. Rationale Therationale behind this topic comes from both a professional and personal aspect.Professional being, why have schools only recently adapted to this method ofteaching as this theory have been apparent for centuries, dating back as far asFriedrich Froebel (1782-1852) The personal rationale comes from my own opinionon this method of learning.
As a mother of a 4-year-old that will be attendinga primary school with this learning approach compared to my own personalexperience from being at primary school where structure was the primary focus. Objectives MyObjectives are:· carryout various questionnaires to staff,parents and of course the children that will be tailored to theirunderstanding. · Looking at previous years reports to determineif there is a significant difference which lead to the decision to change theirstyle of learning.
· My primary research will take form of 6activities being carried out with a core group of children.· Observations of the children’s free floorplay. Research methods Toobtain the information that I will need to carry out my research I am planningon issuing the core group children friendly questionnaires that will reflect ontheir enjoyment and learning of numeracy activities planned which will conformwith the current class topic and curriculum set out again linking back to thistopic of numeracy through active learning. The children’s parents will also beissued with a questionnaire which will be written in a parent friendly languageto ensure it is easily understood. This will provide me with qualitativeresearch as it will be the personal views of the the child and parent. On amore professional level I will be asking the staff of my placement theiropinions on active learning and what if they do/do not have any concerns withthis method of teaching.
I will access children’s progress reports to determineif there has been improvement regarding numeracy. Observations within myplacement of children’s free play to establish my findings on whether thechildren are using their own time to learn numeracy Alongwith the primary research carried out I feel that secondary research will haveinfluence my reporting as looking at previous research will expand on myknowledge with regards to the importance of active learning. Theinformation gathered will be a mixture of qualitative and quantitative toensure I give a full view on numeracy through active learning.Relevant theoristsI willbe focusing on two theorists to show my knowledge and understanding of theimportant of active learning in relation to numeracy. Those theories being thatof Jerome Bruner who believed that ‘when children start to learn new conceptsthey need help from their teachers and other adults in the form of activesupport’ (Wheeler, 2017) The other theory thatI will focus on is Jean Piaget who believed that ‘children are not able toundertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so’ (Suzanne, 2016)this then created his theory of the 4 stages of cognitive development. Boththeorists believed that cognitive development took place in stages. I feelthere is a contrast to both theorists.
Bruner place a larger focus on adultparticipation in the learning process although both theories consider childrenactive participation in the process. Linking in with my aim of thisinvestigation to show the benefits that can be achieved with active learning orshould there be a focus on adult participation in regard to numeracy.National initiatives and guidelines Throughoutmy research I will be looking at relevant national initiatives and guildlinesas these are a fundamental part of our education system today. They are inplace to ensure children and young people are given the best possible start inlife. Regarding my topic of numeracy through active learning I found that theplay strategy Scotland initiative was very relevant1.
In relation to that Ialso found that in terms of giving our children the best possible start in lifewe must look at how do we help to close the attainment gap2 as this is a fundamentalgoal to become a better society all round which will massively benefit ourgeneration as they get older.Children’s needs, rights and interestsAsarticle 31 from UNCRC states that ‘children and young people have the right tohave fun in the way they want to, whether by playing sports, watching films, orsomething else entirely. They have a right to rest too. (Scotland, nd)AsI am investigating active learning which is play based learning, the rights ofthe children and young people will have a profound effect on my finding as thisrelates to Children (Scotland) Act 1995. Due to my establishment being childcentred within their learning, I will be looking at the effects of having thismethod of learning in regard to numeracy. Making maths count3 was a document that wasinteresting to show ways of combating issues with numeracy and self-confidenceas this seems to be an issue in numeracy education.
TimescaleWithregards to my timescale I plan on trying to have a balance workload so as notto be overwhelmed at any stage of this process4 References Scotland, C. (nd). Article 31 . Retrieved from CYPCS: https://www.cypcs.org.
uk/rights/uncrcarticles/article-31 Suzanne, W. (2016, nd nd). Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. Retrieved from my tutor: https://www.mytutor.co.uk/answers/1783/A-Level/Psychology/Describe-and-evaluate-Piaget-s-theory-of-cognitive-development Wheeler, S.
(2017, November 28th ). Learning Theories: Jerome Bruner On the Scaffolding of learning. Retrieved from Teach thought: https://www.teachthought.com/learning/learning-theories-jerome-bruner-scaffolding-learning/ 1Appendix 4 – Literacy review on Play strategy 2Appendix 5 – Literacy review on Attainment Gap 3Appendix 6 – Literacy review on Making maths count4Appendix 7 – Timescale