INSTITUTKEPIMPINAN DAN PENGURUSAN SQUADRONOFFICER COURSESERIAL89/18EXPANGLIMAMOSHEDAYANPREPARED BYSSG-2KAPT MOHS SUKRI BIN MD ZAINUN TUDM (374956) KAPT BASIR BIN IDRIS TUDM (374451)KAPT ADAM BIN OTHMANTUDM (374264) “If you want to make peace, don’t talk to yourfriend, you talk to your enemies”. “MOSHE DAYAN” TABLE OF CONTENTS ARIELSHARON NO SUBJECT PAGE 1. TABLE OF CONTENTS 22. INTRODUCTION 33. AIM 44.
SCOPE 4 Moshe dayan Personal Background 5 ChosenPrinciple for Moshe Dayan 9 PositiveTraits of Moshe Dayan 9 NegativeTraits of Moshe Dayan 12 LessonLearnt in relation to the Principle chosen 135. CONCLUSION 146. RECOMMENDATIONS 157. BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCES 17 MOSHE DAYAN References:A. PPB (MAL) 100 Malaysian Armed Forces StaffManual, Volume 1, Service Writing (Provisional).B. Introductionfor Ex. Panglima For Squadron Officer Course Serial 89/19 dated 26 Jan 18.
INTRODUCTION 1. Moshe Dayan was a famous icon ofIsraeli Military leader and politician. He was born in May 1915 in. He startedhis military life at the age of 14 when he joined Haganah the Jewish militaryorganization against Arab attacks. He retired from military at the age of 66and involved in politic 2 year later until his death on 16 October 1981 due toserious heart attack. 2. Duringhis life, he has been involved in seven wars between 1936 until 1973. He was avery experienced military personnel because he rising through lower rank untilhe was appointed as Chief of Staff in Israeli Defence Force.
He was a goodnegotiator during Armistice Agreement with which led to a long term peaceagreement with Jordan. The most significant about Moshe Dayan is when he playeda major role in tremendous short time victory in Six Day War. He was also responsiblefor the total failure of Israeli Defence Force in Yom Kippur War.
AIM 3. Theaim of this paper is to explain the positives and negatives traits of MosheDayan as a one of the Israeli top leader and to explore the leadership as alesson learnt in recent modern day warfare and conflict. SCOPE 4. The paper will be divided accordingly tothis scope:a. Leader background.b. Chosen principle to describe the leader.c.
Positive traits.d. Negative traits.e. Lesson learnt in relation to theprinciples chosen.
f. Conclusion.g. Bibliography. LEADERBACKGROUND 5.
Moshe Dayan was an Israeli militaryleader who later became icon for peace. He played a major role in seven warsand helped negotiate the Israel-Egypt peace treaty. He was born in 20thMay 1915 on Kibbutz Deganya Alef, near Lake Kinneret. He is the youngest sonfor his parents Shemuel and Devorah.
6. He was only 14 years old when he joinedthe Haganah, an underground organization that defended Jewish settlements fromArab attacks. In the Haganah, he learned guerilla warfare from British Captain CharlesOrde Wingate.
He served with the special police force in the Jezreel Valley andGalilee during the riots of 1936-1939. He was arrested and imprisoned for twoyears when the British outlawed the Haganah. He was released in 1941 and joinedthe British army where he served with the forces that liberated Lebanon andSyria from Vichy France during World War II. He was wounded in battle inLebanon and lost his left eye where he began to wear the black eyepatch and laterbecame his trademark. He cooperated with British intelligence to set up abroadcasting network for clandestine operations behind enemy lines in the eventthat Palestine should fall to the Germans. He remained active in the Haganah until1948. CHOSENPRINCIPLE 14.
BE-KNOW-DO Leadership Model. TheBe-Know-Do Model of leadership has been introduce by Erick K. Shinseki who are retiredGeneral of United States Army during his appointment as Chief of Staff.
It hasbeen published in the United States Army Leadership Manual in year of 1999. Theframework of this leadership model apply to all the leaders in military nomatter what position they are holding. The BE consist of the value of theleader itself which consist of loyal, duty, selfless, respect, honor, andcourage. This character or attribute of a leader is a basic foundation where itshow the ability to lead. The meaning of KNOW is a set of skills and knowledgethat a leader must have which is interpersonal skill, conceptual skill,technical skill and tactical skill. All of this will be perfected with DO whichis the act of a leader themselves that bring together what they believe andthey know how to do to provide purpose, direction and motivation to their manin achieving preferred goal. 15. Thismodel of leadership suits perfectly for Moshe Dayan as it is an army conceptualguidance for being a good leader.
All ofthe achievement that Dayan had during his life as a political and militaryleader is a proof for other leader to apply this leadership model in whateverappointment they hold. 16. BE. Moshe Dayan show thecharacter of a leader when he remain loyal to Israeli from the beginning of hismilitary career until he died. He remain duty in service even though he wasnearly killed and lost his left eye. The negotiation in armistice agreement atRhodes show that Dayan was a respectful leader when he honor the treaty thatgives Israel a long term ceased fire with Jordan in 1949.
After he was promotedto Chief of Staff, Dayan show the courage to change from a defensive anddiplomatic approach to an offensive military affair. 17. KNOW. His experience andknowledge in guerilla warfare during his service in Haganah military undercovermade him the best candidate to lead the newly establish special force of IsraelDefense Force.
The tactical skill shown during Six Day War prove to be thebiggest achievement for Dayan when Israel win a huge victory against Arabcountry in a very short time. He able to understand both own forces and enemy forceswhen he order a full-scale air offensive after he detected the adversaryweakness and achieve dominant air supremacy. 18. DO. Moshe Dayan ability toinfluence his subordinate and make them believe that peace can be achieve fortheir country is the reason behind his successful. By doing that, he was ableto motivate his forces to follow his path. POSITIVETRAITS 3.
Opportunist. He took the initiative to launch a full scale attack against Arabs (Egypt, Syria,Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon) during Six Day War from 5-10 June 1967. The attackwas successful within very short time. Hecarefully planned the war’ strategy, frequently rehearsed, and extraordinarilywell coordinated pre-emptive attack by the Israeli Air Force (IAF) on Arabsairfields and aircraft. the plan of attack was actually conceived four years earlier,in 1963.
The 0745 time-on-target first strike was chosen due to less alertness afterthe morning dawn patrols were over and most pilots and ground crews werebreakfasting. It also to give pilots and crew IAF have enough sleep time andapproximately start to work on 0400h which is good for down strike. Also, atthis time of year the heavy morning mist and completely clear by 0800h consideredof the sun angle. During 15 minutes before 0800h almost Arab Commander and keypersonal are on their way to work led great opportunity for IAF to attack. 4. Experience.
He was a commander who had a fantasticknowledge about own force and enemy. He was rise through lower rank untilbecame Israel Defence Force Chief of Staff. He was experienced military personneldue to involve in battle field since he was 14 years old. He involve in sevenwars during his life such as Arab Revolt in Palestine, World War II,Arab-Israel War, Suez Crisis, Six Day War, War of Attrition and Yom Kippur War.With his well experience in many wars he was appointed as Chief of Staff,Southern command, Northern Command and commander of 89th Battalion. 5. Courage.
He was upset after the failure of Israel against Syrian Army. He dare tochanged Israel in to an aggressive force with his commencement as Chief of Staff. Hismilitary objective was to fight an offensive war on enemy territory instead of being dragged into a war onIsraeli land. He was prepared the IsraeliDefence Force by strengthened combat units, raising the intelligence andtraining branch, procured adequate equipment, emphasis of strike force andtraining the commando. During Six Day War, the timing and tempo achieved in theopening air raids was perfect, with all Israeli aircraft in the first attack wavearriving at ten different Egyptian bases at precisely 0745. This excellenttiming continued with each ensuing attack wave arriving every ten minutes whichresulted Israeli tremendously win the war within six day destroyed almost ArabsCapability. 6. Enthusiasm.
He remains loyal and sacrifices toIsraeli from the beginning of his military career until he died. He joinedmilitary force at 14 years old and rises through the rank and became the Chiefof Staff which is highest rank in Israeli Defence Force. He was involved inmany wars during his military service. He remains his duty in duty even thoughhe was nearly killed and lost his left eye in one of the battle that he wasinvolved. He served for Israeli about 52 years until he died to make Israel oneof the most powerful country in the world.
NEGATIVETRAITS 7. Arrogant. Dayan is a symbol of anarrogant Israeli and over confident in achieving victory in every war heparticipated especially in the Six Day War. With his attitude and determinationthen led to Israel’s failure in the Yom Kippur War in 1973. With his directive anddecision led to the total failure Israel might be affect from his confusingpredictions and mental health problems from the war that he involved. 8. Stubborn.
He was disobeyed an order from his superior over Armistice Agreement. He was involvedin negotiation with Abdullah el Tell, Jordanian Military Commander of East Jerusalemwithout acknowledgement of his superior, Major-General Zvi Ayalon OC Central Commandand found guilty by court-martialled. He was demoted from Lieutenant Colonel toMajor rank. This not prevents him from attending the armistice negotiations onRhodes.
Finally, he wasappointed head of all Israeli delegations to the Mixed Armistice Commission meetings. LESSONLEARNT IN RELATION TO THE PRINCIPLES CHOSEN 22. Moshe Dayan self belonging to his countryis a recipe of successful in his military and political career.
His leadership attributecan be adapted to our RMAF officer to be implement. As a RMAF Officer, we shouldtake Moshe Dayan as an example which he always place service ahead of hisown self interests in many ways. Service before self does not mean you stoptaking care of your families. Our families are a critical element of the AirForce family.
Our service should enhance their health; morale and welfare nottake away from it. While Air Force duties take up a large chunk of our time, wemust take every opportunity to spend time with our families and involveourselves in their lives too. This principle of service before self also doesnot mean we as RMAF Officer should not pursue higher education, participate inoff-duty activities or pursue personal and professional development. The Air Forcedesires well-rounded Officer who are physically, mentally and spirituallygrounded.
It is beneficial when these extra-curricular pursuits align withservice and mission requirements. CONCLUSION 23. Asa conclusion, Moshe Dayan was one of the greatest military leaders in a world ofincessant small wars since World War II.
He was not perfect, but no otherIsraeli was more responsible for bringing Israel through all its perils on thebrink of destruction to its present opportunity for peace through strength. 24. Lovehim or hate him, Dayan has shown the great achievement qualities during his career.
Who else in Israel history has shown such courage, determination, leadership,patriotism and vision.The great confidence and physical strength that drove himapparently also gave him a self-destructive feeling of invincibility. Leaderor ruler of an army or country needs to have democratic and diplomacy relationswith its area countries. This couldassist in developing its country from the social, economy and politicperspective while ensuring foreign investors invest in their country. However, Moshe dayan being a self-centredperson which did not care about this perspective.
He change Israeli Defence force approach withits own perspective. 25. AlthoughIsrael was a small country initially. Dayan has transformed it to the powerfull military, he ensures his country is safe, strong and respected by others. Dayandoes this by concentrating strengthen Israel Defence Force. 26. In Israeli history, Dayan stands tall asone of the most important military and political figures to grace the nation.
Despite his controversial nature, Dayan performed tasks not only as a militaryleader, but as a statesman as well. Not only he did help a young Israelestablish its independence and safety at one point in his career, but he latertook on the task of guiding the still fledging nation during a very tumultuoustime period. Though not every Israeli citizen, or world citizen for thatmatter, agrees that Dayan made the right decisions, one thing is certain: hemade the decisions that he did without hesitance and with his nation’s bestinterests at heart. (3441words) Jun12 KHAMIZAN BIN MORSIDIMej RMAFSyndicate Group A-2 LeaderSOC 76/12 BIBLIOGRAPHY/REFERENCES