One of the most significant personality changes that has occurred in the worldtook place during the 1700s to the early 1800s; the Industrial Revolution.It is described as a time of drastic change from hand made items to machine madegoods.
This meant basically that people had to learn how to manufacture goods inenormous factories instead of cultivating them from the land. The IndustrialRevolution began in England because of their large demand for coal and iron. Andsince they had a large supply of this, England soon began to have to producevast amounts across all of Europe. In the 1700s, England was one of theworlds leading producers of iron and coal and was considered as having themost colonial power. This is all due to their newly acquired colonies. Thecolonies currently known as the United States of America. The colonies provideda market for manufactured products.
The markets helped stimulate the textile andiron industries in England. The colonies also gave England all of the resourcesthat were desperately needed due to produce all of the goods that were necessaryIn most industries, before the Industrial Revolution, labor was done by hand.This was called the cottage industry. In the early 1700s, there was greatdemand for cotton cloth. In order to meet this demand people needed something toincrease their output.
So the spinning jenny and the water frame were invented.These two inventions cut time and expenses in half due to the lesser amount oflabor that was needed. These inventions also left a lot of people that were usedto working the land baffled. People were presented with a whole new scenario inlife which changed their outlooks on the way that they should go about livingtheir lives.
Kind of like how the older generations of today are being perplexedby the hindrances of trying to figure out all this new computer technology.Another great invention in the seventeenth century is the steam engine. Thesteam engine is something that I think of as one of the greatest inventions ofthis time era. The steam engine allowed people to travel to remote destinationsmuch quicker than ever before due to the steam power of a train or ferry. Citieswere able to expand in size because people could go farther in less time.
Iteven allowed some of the hardest task known to man to be done in a much moretime saving and least dangerous fashion. Without this great invention none ofthe manufactured items that were being produced to support most everybody in theworld would have ever been able to have been distributed. Several systems ofmaking goods had grown up by the time of the Industrial revolution. In countydistricts families produced most of the supplies that they used, while in thecities merchandise was made in shops, and manufacturing was strictly regulatedby the guilds and by the government. The goods made in these shops were limitedand costly. The merchants needed cheaper items, as well as larger quantities,for their growing trade. They had to establish another system of producinggoods.
The cottage or domestic industry filled in the gap for sometime, becauseit gave the merchants a large supply of manufactured articles at a low price. Itprovided employment for every member of a craft workers family and gave jobsto skilled workers who had no capital to start business for themselves. A fewmerchants who had enough capital had gone a step further. They brought workerstogether under one roof and supplied machines. These establishments werefactories. The men who controlled these enterprises formed a powerful new classin England called industrial capitalist.
due to the laissez-faire, factoryowners could arrange working conditions in whatever way they pleased. Thiscaused many problems for workers. they had problems with working hours, wages,unemployment, accidents, employment of women and children, and housingconditions.
The Industrial Revolution was great in many ways. It producedmaterial much more quickly than before and made it possible for the common man,not just the wealthy, to afford materials like cotton. Besides all theseinventions that people were making that tripled productivity, there were manyproblems caused by the Industrial Revolution. People living in bacteriainfested, crowded, and unhealthy homes. Kids and women worked under harshconditions. The working conditions were extremely unsafe and unfair to thechildren.
They were underfed and overworked. The children, however, were not theonly ones that endured the hardships of that time. The women also were treatedvery badly.
Bigger women also did some pretty heavy work for in this timeperiod. The most important changes that the Industrial Revolution brought were;The invention of machines to do the work of hand tools. The use of steam, andlater of other kinds of power, in place of muscles. the adoption of the factorysystem. The Industrial Revolution came gradually.
When compared againstcenturies of working with your hands the Industrial Revolution came in a veryshort span of time. In my opinion the 19th century should be considered aRevolution for the technological advances we have had.