In the United States current political election system, third party candidates are unfairly dispelled from an equal opportunity to obtain political positions. The two major parties which are Democrats and Republicans dominate elections due to outdated practices that allow these political giants to triumph over potential third party candidates.
These practices do not allow for the public to be properly informed about the existence or potential of third party candidates. To mend this problem, the government should create laws to strengthen third parties and weaken the influence of Democrats and Republicans. This would uproot the monopoly that the two party system has on our political election system and allow for third party candidates to have a chance at election, giving Americans a less restricted option of candidates to choose from.
Although voters desire to vote for third party candidates, they usually choose one of the main two parties due to the “Spoiler Effect” which may render their vote useless or even harmful for their political ideals. This effect takes away votes from candidates that are closest to third party candidates in the political spectrum. By voting for third party candidates, votes are taken away from the major party with higher votes and similar views.
This split in votes weakens both parties which makes it easier for the party with completely opposing views to win the election. A prominent example of this taking place is the 2000 Presidential election in which Green Party candidate Ralph Nadar received 94,000 votes in Florida which contributed to Democrat Party Al Gore losing the election. Voters fearing that voting for a third party candidate will be fruitless or even harmful, causing a completely opposing candidate win, these potential third party voters end up voting to oppose the candidate they don’t want to win rather than voting for the candidate that they prefer. This is not healthy for American politics because it allows for candidates to win merely on the fear of the people and not on their actual political positions.