In 2013, the overall GDP of Canada has reported that the annual tourism industry has represented a higher amount than any other industry. Industries like agriculture, forestry and fishing were still less than the annual GDP of the tourism industry, even when combined.

The GDP, or gross domestic product, is a way to measure a country’s economy. It is used to calculate the total value of everything that is produced by everything and everyone in that country. However, even if it is a foreign person or company, it still counts toward the country’s total GDP. In the economic activity, tourism generated about 88.5 billion dollars, and also generated 17.2 billion dollars in the export revenue even though the growing travel is experiencing a downfall (Canada and the Global).

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In this article details of the tourism in the highlands of Canada will be provided. The Western Cordillera, the Innuitian Mountains, and the Appalachian Mountains are the main tourist attractions in the highlands of Canada, which will all be explained. All these different highlands, which are now old and dilapidated, were formed during various eras and time periods far in the past. The oldest highlands are the Appalachians Mountains, which were formed about 480 million years ago (Frank). The second oldest are the Innuitian Mountains, formed about 155 million years ago (Finlayson). Finally, the Western Cordillera is the newest highland, and was formed recently compared to the other highlands. It was formed about 65 million years ago when the Pacific and North American tectonic plates collided (Hen).

The tourism in the highlands impact Canada by bringing in more people to discover and money for Canada’s economy. The Western Cordillera increases the GDP of Canada through the many places to visit and enjoy activities there. The main tourist attractions are the skiing and snowboarding in the many mountains located in the Western Cordillera. It is made up of mountainous and sloping terrains that are great for these kinds of activities in the winter seasons. Thanks to the cold climate in the region, the snow season has a longer duration, which in turn enables the winter sports to be a huge tourist attraction. The most famous of these mountains is the Whistler Blackcomb, which is located about 123 kilometres north of the city of Vancouver (Google Maps).

About 4 million people visit Banff National Park every single year and it generates a lot of money into Canada and the surrounding area (Banff Facts). Canada’s largest national park is Banff, as it takes up 6641 square kilometres of Alberta. In Banff, there are campgrounds, alpine and cross-country skiing, and 1100 kilometres of hiking trails that are all located in the gargantuan national park (Banff Facts). The skiing resorts in the Western Cordillera generate the greatest amount of money because it is well known for its great vastness in its height and many different levels of difficulty, so both beginners and experts alike can enjoy their time there. The exact amount of money that is generated by all the tourism here cannot be identified because of the fluctuating numbers. The next highlands, which are a bit older and larger than the Western Cordillera, are the great Innuitian Mountains. In the months of early fall, many tourists visit the Innuitian Mountains. Many attractions in this area earn the most money during this time because that is when the Northern Light have the greatest visibility.

The Northern Lights, or the Aurora Borealis, are the result of collisions between gaseous particles in the Earth’s atmosphere, with some particles that are charged being released from the sun’s atmosphere. In turn, the particles become more visible and mesmerizing blue, green, and many other coloured lights appear, seemingly dancing in the night sky (Northern Lights). Last year it has been reported that there has been a huge increase in the amount of tourists viewing the Northern Lights. This happened because this year marks the solar maximum, which is the peak of the 11-year cycle of the solar activity and the possibility of spectacular auroral displays (Peak Tourists).

It is unclear how many people visit the Northern Lights each year.  Another attraction point is the capital city of Nunavut, Iqaluit. The city provides a view of the cultural part of the First Nations that first set foot onto the land which is now known as Canada.

In the city, you can clearly tell that it is occupied by many Indigenous people (Bain). There are only about 6,699 people living in Iqaluit, and most of the residents are, as stated before, Indigenous people (Demographics). Inuktitut, English, French (User). Although it is one of the more popular tourist attractions, Iqaluit does not generate as much money as the Northern Lights because the lights are more worldwide known. In 2015, there was a total amount of 37.88 million dollars earned in the tourism excluding the airfares and cruise tickets.

There was also a total amount of 16,750 visitors that visited the Innuitian Mountains in 2015. Finally, the Appalachian Mountains, which are the largest and most ancient highlands in Canada (Nunavut Visitor Exit).The Appalachian Mountains are the eastern counterpart of the Rocky Mountains.

They are mostly in the United States, but there is a part of it which lies in the Canadian Maritimes. The area was formed millennia ago by the folding of tectonic plates. They were once jagged mountains and valleys, but it was eventually eroded and rounded into the smooth stone you see today. One of the many places tourists come to visit is the Restigouche River.

Some say that none can match its beauty, especially during the fall. It has crystal clear waters with fishing pools of salmon, and paddling down the river is an option as well (Brilliant Red Sugar). During the ice age, glaciers pressed down the Appalachians, causing most of it to submerge. Today, the east coast of Canada is known for its immense fishing and seafood industries. People from all over the world come and try the variety of seafood that the east coast offers. The East coast has the largest amount of seafood catching in all of Canada. In 2016, Nova Scotia had 2.

2 million visitors, generating 2.6 billion dollars from the industries and attractions. The money that was earned that year was by far the most in the history of Nova Scotia (Record-Setting).In conclusion, the tourism in the Canadian highlands have contributed immensely to Canada’s ever-increasing GDP.

Canada should learn from the United State because the United States have distributed their attraction throughout the whole country. Canada’s economy is still developing and the tourism industry will help boost up the wealth of Canada. Each of these three highlands are diverse and offer different kinds of entertainment to attract all kinds of tourists, from skiing and snowboarding in the mountains to paddling down a river in a valley. They suit the interests of all kinds of people, young and old, and persuade them to come to Canada so they can enjoy its natural wonders.