In the article by Nathan Rosenberg, “Why in America,” he discusses about how the manufacturing had a huge impact in the United States during the nineteenth century. America was influenced by the European technology and would improve it for their benefits which increased the rate of technological changes. There are three major reasons why American manufacturing has rapidly dominated compare to Europe.
Increase in population, the large abundance of natural resources, and specialized machineries. The reason behind the booming population in the United States was because of the influx of immigration and newborns in the world. Immigrants wanted better opportunities and life. Between 1790 and 1860, the American population grew at a rate of nearly 3 percent per year (including immigration), a rate more than twice as high as that achieved by any European country.
(Rosenberg. Why in America. 72) With the abundance of good land, and optimism about the future, this caused the high fertility levels as well as an inducement to immigration. “Rapid population growth resulted in a very high rate of new household formation”.
(Rosenberg. Why in America. 72) With the population rapidly growing this introduced demand and supply of manufactured commodities. The demand for goods and services also increased rapidly. Since the population was growing, consumerism was on the rise. This resulted in an increase of wealth for the manufacturing industries.
With population on the rise this would result in more goods that would need to be produced which leads to a better economic society. An example would be that food processes were lower than before making it easier for the citizens to supply the increasing population. There were improvements in food process which made it easier for citizens. There were improvements in transportation by introducing of the canal-building in the 1815’s and the railroad construction in the 1830’s.
(Rosenberg. Why in America. 72) The environment was also getting better because of what was happening with the population. Another reason for the rise of American manufacturing was a large number of natural resources. The United States noted that they had an overwhelming abundance of natural resources. Some resources could be the land, wood, and metal that was available. “The supply of available resources pushed American’s in a direction that helps to account for the country’s unique technological contributions” (Rosenberg.
Why in America. 74) This abundance of resources provided an encouragement to explore the possibilities of new technologies. This would result in members of the society to purchase other goods and services by the American system of manufactures. The downside of having a large number of natural resources was that the machines that were used were very wasteful. (Rosenberg. Why in America.
74) Americans also realized that there was a lot of farmland available to which they can build the use of manufacturing innovations to ease their lives. Example of this was the steel plough which is the cultivator which replaced the hand-operated hoe in the corn and cotton fields and the reaper which swept away what once had been a basic constraint upon grain cultivation. (Rosenberg. Why In America. 74) The last reason for American manufacturing was produced by specialized machines. America was producing many goods in the nineteenth century which results in the introduction of new technology.
The specialized machines required to reduce labour power which was good for the American economy. Americans were still known to borrow European technology to benefit themselves. An example of this was the woodworking machines which the Americans borrowed from the European because they liked how it required less labour (Rosenberg. Why in America. 70) The downside of this type of technology was that it would waste their natural resources like wood. Most of the specialized machinery allowed workers to fix these machines themselves which was easy to repair in case of a breakdown, unlike in Europe they did not have to wait for a specialist to fix the machines.
The specialized machinery has reduced the amount of machine making and scarcity of resources and jobs. Even though specialized machines were labour-saving and resource intensive, it traded off abundant natural resource inputs for labour, and constructing machines were cheap. (Rosenberg. Why In America. 75) Overall, specialized machines made it easier on labour and cost. In conclusion, the increasing population growth has impacted the economic status of the United States.
The reason is that is the increase in population led to the improvement of growth and opportunities of the working class by the production of the rapid growth of goods and services. The rapid growth and population have also introduced supply and demand of manufactured commodities. This then led to a better economic system and increase of wealth for the states per capita because of the combination of resource abundance and large markets. The increasing population would lead to more natural resources and goods.