Hussain et al.(2004) Studied gender role in raising livestock in Azad Kashmir and Kotli.Objective of the study was to find out the impacts of livestock training onlivestock productivity in study area. For data collection random sampleapproach was used. An interview of 200 respondents was directed from 3 villagesof kotli.
To analyze data percentages were used. Results from analysis showedthat people of kotli mainly depend upon livestock. Most of the respondents keptsheep, goat, buffalo and cow.
Study reveals that 100 % respondents were takingadvantages from the training course by NRSP.From results of case study it wassuggested that self-employment can be increased by free availability ofguidance and training courses. Javed et al. (2006) reported rural women participation in livestock and crop production.
A large number of pre and post-harvest and livestock management activities areperformed by rural women but they are not still appreciated because of lack ofdata that show their importance in such activities. The objective of this case studywas to explore the importance of rural women participation in livestock andcrop production activities. An interview of 125 rural women was conducted fordata collection from district Faisalabad by using random sample technique. Toanalyze data SPSS was used. Results from case study depicts that contributionof rural women in harvesting of vegetables was high.
In post-harvest women roleis high in cereal’s storage and in livestock managing women participation ishigh to clean animals shed. Ayoadeet al. (2009) reported analysis ofwomen contribution in livestock in Nigeria. Objective of this study was to findout women contribution in livestock activities. Data was collected by randomsample technique from 90 rural women. To analyze data multiple regressionanalysis, descriptive statistics and participation index were used. Resultsshows that women were involving in animals feeding, watering and cleaning ofcages.
While multiple regression analysis shows that income, education, accessto credit are those factors that affect women’s contribution in livestockactivities. Poultry and goats are mostly kept by women. Results also revealedthe problems that are faced by women in this field and the problems arenon-availability of significant capital, pre-occupation and dominance of theirspouses. It was suggested that women must offer with necessary working out andeducation related to livestock and to microfinance banks to increase livestock efficiency.
Amin et al. (2010) studied gender and development. The purpose of this case study wasto estimate women contribution in livestock production in Pakistan. For data collection 8 villages were selectedby random sampling. A sample size of 768 respondents were used to analyze theresults of study.
Frequencies and variances were obtained from data. Resultsshows that most of the rural families were having joint family system i.e.70.
6%.And results were also showing that most of the livestock activities wereperformed by females approximately 37.5% and less were performed by males about17%. Upadhyay and Desai (2011) reported women contribution in animal husbandry. Mostly animalhusbandry relating activities are performed by females in addition to theirtasks at home. While their work is not given an economic importance and theyare left as un- paid labor.
Objective of this case study is to emphasizefemale’s contribution in livestock activities. Study was directed in Ananddistrict of Gujarat. 120 farm women were interviewed by simple random samplingtechnique for data collection. For data analysis different statistical methodssuch as percentage, mean score, standard deviation and coefficient of KarlPearson’s were used. Results of case study indicates that women haveindependent decisions relating to fodder management and milking activities.While decisions relating to economic activities are taken jointly with malecounterparts.