DJIBOUTIDjibouti is a small country located on the east of Africa. Djibouti is large on speaking French and Arabic. Djibouti is known for its warm weather.Djibouti was called the French territory of the afars and issas up until 1977.
Hassan Gouled Aptidon ruled Djibouti from the time its gained its independence. His nephew Ismail Omar Guelleh was anointed as his handpicked successor in 1999.Lake Assal is the saltiest body of water in the world which sit in Djibouti in the Danakil desert.
Lake Assal Is one of the countries main tourist attractions. Djibouti was also influenced by the unreliability of its adjoin communities, Somalia, Ethiopia, and more recently, Eritrea.There was a large attack on the Gouled regime, guided by FRUD or Le Front pour la Restauration d l’Unité et la Démocratie in 1991. The rebellion which proceeded for two years, and was violently stopped by the government with the help of the French. Gouled returned to power in 1993 after his reelection.Assistance with strengthening the Gouled regime and providing safety to the government from sorted enemies that are from both inner and outer sections the country.
In 1999, he ended his 22-year term, and was replaced by his nephew, Ismail Omar Guelleh, who previously was the Djibouti’s security chief. The most recent threat came in 2000 in with a uprising formulated by a former police chief. Since the failed accomplishment, Djibouti has proceeded to enjoy a long era of domestic calm. Guelleh is currently serving his second term as president.A multiracial country, Djibouti enjoys a connected culture based on their traditions.
As well as Afars and Issas, sub-clans like Gadabuursi also occupies the country. The leftover portion of the population is made up of of Ethiopians, Europeans and Arabs. Many of the influences of Djibouti is a mixture of old and new.Communication is one of the major element of the Djiboutian culture. The multi-racial and the bilingual society speaks Somali and Afar as their dominant language, but the main languages are Arabic and French. Modern and Standard Arabic are also spoken, while parts of the community also speaks Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic, Amharic, Omani Arabic, Greek, and Hindi.
Religion is also a big thing of the Djibouti culture, and two major denominations are common. Islam is practiced most, starting as early as the 7th century. Around 94 percent of the community are Sunni Muslims obey to the Shafi’i tradition.
Others are affiliated with the Salihi Sufi, Ahmadi and Qadiri orders. Christianity is also practiced, with just over three percent of the population following Ethiopian Orthodox traditions, and the remaining are Protestant.Music is also important part in Djiboutian culture.The two most important ethnic groups have their own traditions.Similar to the folk songs of the countries in the Horn of Africa is Afar music, like Ethiopia, but has specific Arabic impact. Djibouti”s musical custom goes back to the nomadic days of the Afar people, when they transferred goods with China, Egypt and India. Spoken literature is also musical, and you may hear songs of destructions, worship, informal big talk, and for ceremonies. Somali mythology has a strong effect and their music is mainly five pitches per octave, unlike a seven note scales.
Djiboutians use different musical instruments like oud, bowl lyre and tanbura.The way the Djboutians dress show how they become accustomed to the hot and humid weather of Djibouti. Jeans and a T-shirt(western clothing) expansively has been embraced.
Traditionally, men wear a garment which goes around the waist that is known as macawiis.Classic women wear a long diaphanous voile dress that is lightweight and made from polyester and cotton called, dirac. It is worn over bra and half-slip.Single women usually don’t cover their heads,but Married women wear headscarves and cover their upper body with a garbasaar or a large shawl.
Djiboutians also wear classic Arabian clothing such as jellabiya for men and jilbab for women, a cultural garment closely indistinguishable the Arabian thobe, but with a wider cut.Jilbab is a loosely fitted coat favoring to a hijab. This wardrobe covers the entire body except the hands, face and head and is worn with a head wrap.Festivals and special occasions call for beautiful jewelry and head dresses, which are comparable with the accessories worn by the Berber tribes.Djiboutians are not into handicrafts. There is no tangible art present, except the beautifully preserved buildings demonstrating Islamic, French and Ottoman architectural elements.
Ismail Omar Guelleh(president) was born November 27 ,1947, in Ethiopia.Ismail parents are Omar Guelleh & Moumina Rirache.Ismail is married with four children. Guelluh was first elected as president in 1999, Guelleh rules over a nation worried by well established ethnic conflicts within his own people, the Issa, and the social group of the Afar people. The inner problems have bagan a political strife, which suddenly ended in the two main opposition groups protesting the 2005 election. Guelleh was re-elected to another six-year term in that competition, but he was the only applicant in the election(“notablebiographies.com”)Yacin Elmi Bouh(politician) was born june 4, 1962.A Djiboutian politician , Bouh was also a minister of finance from 1997 through 2005 .
Bouh has been Minister of the Interior and Decentralization since 22 May 2005.Bouh was born in Djibouti. He deliberated primary and secondary schools in Djibouti, reaching a pinnacle in a Higher Leaving Certificate Series B – Economical. He is a graduate of the Faculty of Law and Economics of Nantes in France to the rank of Maïtrise en droit public in 1987(“ipfs.io/ipfs.
com)Aden Charmakeh(footballer) was born may 26, 1984.Charmakeh is a Djiboutian football player.He presently plays for the Djibouti National Football Team.
Charamkeh made the national team under 25 years of age,playing as a defensive player.Charmakeh is the newest supplement to the Djiboutian football team. Charmakeh had started 2 games, with one yellow card, no goals so far.
(upclosed.com)Yasmin Farah Hassan(table tennis player)was born September 22 ,1993.Yasmin began her career of being a table tennis player at 18 years old.Yasmin competed during the 2012 Summer Olympics.Hassan’s match was in the preliminary round,she lost in four rounds, with the scores of 0, 2, 2, and 4 in the rounds.(sports-reference.com).
Mohamed Daoud Chehem(civil servant, opposition leader) was a member of the Afar ethnic group. He also played a part of the Afar rebel FRUD opposition movement in 1991.Chehem was thrown in jail and tortured.
Eventually Chehem ran as a candidate in the presidential campaign,and later forfeited from the election from government harassment and lack of funds.(en.m.wikipedia.org)Djiboutian eat many traditional foods.Dairy and meat from the herds are the traditional foods.
As well as grain dishes. The diet is directed by Italian and other European foods in the cities A astonishing characteristic of the diet comes from Ethiopia which is the utilization of the light narcotic leaf qat. Qat is used recreationally by nearly all men, usually after lunch,during the midday heat when work and the government offices come to a halt. Occasionally, Qat is used during religious services. Mostly because it provides concentration, impedes sleep, and moderates the appetite.(everyculture.com).Food in Daily Life.
Dairy products and meat from the herds are the traditional foods, along with grain dishes. In the cities, the diet is influenced by Italian and other European foods. A notable feature of the diet is the consumption of the light narcotic leaf qat, which is imported from Ethiopia. Qat is consumed recreationally by virtually all men, preferably after lunch, when government offices and work come to a standstill in the midday heat.Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions.
Qat is used in religious services, allegedly because it enhances concentration, delays sleep, and mutes the appetite.The family and local community play a big role in education and the transmission of culture and morals. Only a s select few of children in the countryside,majority in the Afar area, go to schools. Usually these are schools with low academic standards.
Many children in the extended family to help in inexpensive occupation(herding). More than half of Djibouti’s population cannot read or write. The country and poor city people speak only their native languages. Children are fraternized within the family and heritage and are raised to feel a connection to relatives and community. In Somali, children are given more leeway than they are within the Afar, amid the fima, a disciplinary institution, is strong. Getting normal schooling is limited to approximately one-third of school-age children, primarily in Djibouti Djibouti has no colleges.
Many high school graduates go to France to receive a higher education.(epdc.org)Djiboutian scholars could not begin their educational studies until age 6. Elementary school is the first level of studies which withholds grades 1-5 .
Middle school is the next level of the studies containing grades 6-9. High school is the last level of studies for most people in Djibouti.High school contains levels 10-12.