DBQ #2″The Civil War was not inevitable; it was a result of extremism andfailures of leadership on both sides is a valid statement in regards to theCompromise of 1850, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and Bleeding Kansas.” The American CivilWar was the culmination of deepest and disparity socially, economically andpolitically between northern and southern states. The people and politiciansfrom northern and southern states have very different interpretations of theUnion. The North had large domestic market for finished goods and haddiversification.

Whereas, in the South, there was limited diversification.            Inthe North and South, farming was still the main profession, the family farms ofthe North were miniscule in comparison of the mammoth tobacco and cotton plantationof the South. The binary view of the country led to the development of twoseparate cultures.

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Webster seventh of March speech turned the tide in the northtoward compromise. According to him slavery is evil but disunion is a worseevil. He wanted compromise at all cost and according to him secession isimpractical and impossible. The south vigorously opposed the compromise.

Thefirst fighting over the slavery issue took place in Kansas. In 1854, thegovernment passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act allowing the residents of Kansas tovote on whether they would be a slave state or a free state. The region wasflooded with supporters from both sides. They fought over the issue for years.

Several people were killed in small skirmishes giving the confrontation thename Bleeding Kansas. Eventually Kansas entered the Union as a free state in1861.            UncleTom’s cabin left enduring impression on the North and their view of slavery.Thousands of northerners joined the abolitionist guilt and rhetoric in northernfree states. This year marks both the 150th anniversary of the outbreak of theCivil War and the 200th anniversary of the birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe, theauthor of the anti-slavery novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” which createdsuch a stir when it was published in 1852 that Abraham Lincoln reportedlycalled Stowe “the little lady who made this great war.

” Many peopleof that era attributed it to “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” because Stowe’snovel changed the political scene by making the North, formerly hostile toantislavery reform, far more open to it than it had been. The novel paved theway to an antislavery candidate like Lincoln. Simultaneously, it stiffened theSouth’s resolve to defend slavery and demonize the North.

            Theslavery split the country in half. Republican party emerged as a third party.Republican’s nominated Abraham Lincoln. Moderates wanted to halt spread of  slavery.

Lincoln did not even appear onballot in most southern states but won presidency. This angered southern statesand they begin to secede from union. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was thesixteenth president of the United States during one of the most dun-dun-dunperiods in American history, the Civil War. Before being elected president,Lincoln served in the Illinois legislature and lost an election for the U.S.Senate to Stephen A. Douglas.

Nevertheless, his fierce campaign earned him anomination for the presidency. The first Republican president ever, Lincoln ledthe Union to victory in the Civil War and ended slavery in America. Despitebeing remembered today as “The Great Emancipator,” Lincoln maintaineda moderate stance on the emancipation of slaves, never vowing in his campaignsto abolish slavery, as it was vital to the Southern economy. He even stated inhis presidential inaugural address that he would not use his executive power tointerfere with the institution in any state where it existed. Still, Lincolnvehemently opposed the expansion of slavery into new western territories andserved as one of the most influential advocates of “free soil.” Forthis reason, the president posed a significant threat to the economic andpolitical interests of the slaveholding South. So, in response to his 1860election victory, seven southern states seceded from the Union. Lincoln wasdetermined to prevent disunion by any means necessary, but his attempts atnegotiation failed.

In the first months of his presidency, the nation was atwar with each other.            StephenDouglas stated that despite the court’s ruling, slavery could be prevented fromany territory by the refusal of the people living in that territory.Unfortunately, it was highly opposed and led pro-slavery forces fightingagainst anti-slavery forces.             With North no longer obliged toreturn slaves to their owners in the south Douglas fought for equality for hispeople. He convinced Abraham Lincoln that slaves should serve in the unionshould be the goal of the war. A common assumption to explain the cause of theAmerican Civil War was that the North was no longer willing to tolerate slaveryas being part of the fabric of US society and that the political power brokersin Washington were planning to abolish slavery throughout the Union.

Thereforefor many people slavery is the key issue to explain the causes of the AmericanCivil War. However, it is not as simple as this and slavery, while a majorissue, was not the only issue that pushed American into the ‘Great AmericanTragedy’. By April 1861, slavery had become inextricably entwined with staterights, the power of the federal government over the states, the South’s ‘wayof life’ etc. – all of which made a major contribution to the causes of theAmerican Civil War.

            Thepeople of the state of South Carolina declared that frequent violation of theconstitution of US by federal government and lists grievances against north. Therefore, the result of extremism and failures ofleadership on both sides led to the civil war.